Table of Contents
Physiology Journal
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 106049, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/106049
Research Article

Cardiovascular and Thermal Response to Dry-Sauna Exposure in Healthy Subjects

1Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Faculty of Health Sciences Ludwik Rydygier Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, M. Sklodowskiej-Curie 9, 85-094 Bydgoszcz, Poland
2Department of Health Care Politics and Social Care, Faculty of Health Sciences Ludwik Rydygier Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, Sandomierska 16, 85-094 Bydgoszcz, Poland
3Department of Human Physiology, Faculty of Medicine Ludwik Rydygier Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, Ludwik Rydygier Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Karłowicza 24, 85-092 Bydgoszcz, Poland
4Institute for Ageing and Health, The Medical School, Newcastle University, Framlington Place, Newcastle-upon-Tyne NE2 4HH, UK

Received 4 August 2014; Accepted 23 September 2014; Published 8 October 2014

Academic Editor: Marco Guazzi

Copyright © 2014 Pawel Zalewski et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. Beever, “Far-infrared saunas for treatment of cardiovascular risk factors: summary of published evidence,” Canadian Family Physician, vol. 55, no. 7, pp. 691–696, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. A. Kenttämies and K. Karkola, “Death in sauna,” Journal of Forensic Sciences, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 724–729, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. P. Valtakari, “The sauna and bathing in different countries,” Annals of Clinical Research, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 230–235, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. T. Kihara, S. Biro, Y. Ikeda et al., “Effects of repeated sauna treatment on ventricular arrhythmias in patients with chronic heart failure,” Circulation Journal, vol. 68, no. 12, pp. 1146–1151, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. Imamura, S. Biro, T. Kihara et al., “Repeated thermal therapy improves impaired vascular endothelial function in patients with coronary risk factors,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 1083–1088, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. L. Keast and K. B. Adamo, “The Finnish sauna bath and its use in patients with cardiovascular disease,” Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 225–230, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. W. J. Crinnion, “Sauna as a valuable clinical tool for cardiovascular, autoimmune, toxicant-induced and other chronic health problems,” Alternative Medicine Review, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 215–225, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. E. Ahonen and U. Nousiainen, “The sauna and body fluid balance,” Annals of Clinical Research, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 257–261, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. K. Kauppinen, “Facts and fables about sauna,” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 813, pp. 654–662, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. Biro, A. Masuda, T. Kihara, and C. Tei, “Clinical implications of thermal therapy in lifestyle-related disease,” Experimental Biology and Medicine, vol. 228, no. 10, pp. 1245–1249, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. A. Masuda, Y. Koga, M. Hattanmaru, S. Minagoe, and C. Tei, “The effects of repeated thermal therapy for patients with chronic pain,” Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, vol. 74, no. 5, pp. 288–294, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. A. Masuda, T. Kihara, T. Fukudome, T. Shinsato, S. Minagoe, and C. Tei, “The effects of repeated thermal therapy for two patients with chronic fatigue syndrome,” Journal of Psychosomatic Research, vol. 58, no. 4, pp. 383–387, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. L. Hannuksela and S. Ellahham, “Benefits and risks of sauna bathing,” The American Journal of Medicine, vol. 110, no. 2, pp. 118–126, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. O. J. Luurila, “Cardiac arrhythmias, sudden death and the Finnish sauna bath,” Advances in Cardiology, vol. 25, pp. 73–81, 1978. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. T. Kihara, S. Biro, M. Imamura et al., “Repeated sauna treatment improves vascular endothelial and cardiac function in patients with chronic heart failure,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 754–759, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. H. Miyamoto, H. Kai, H. Nakaura et al., “Safety and efficacy of repeated sauna bathing in patients with chronic systolic heart failure: a preliminary report,” Journal of Cardiac Failure, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 432–436, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. Y. Sugahara, M. Ishii, H. Muta, K. Egami, T. Akagi, and T. Matsuishi, “Efficacy and safety of thermal vasodilation therapy by sauna in infants with severe congestive heart failure secondary to ventricular septal defect,” The American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 92, no. 1, pp. 109–113, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. J. Fortin, T. Klinger, C. Wagne, H. Sterne, C. Madritsch, and R. Grüllenberger, “The task force monitor—a non-invasive beat-to-beat monitor for hemodynamic and autonomic function of the human body,” in Proceedings of the 20th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, Hong Kong, October-November 1988.
  19. C. G. Crandall and J. González-Alonso, “Cardiovascular function in the heat-stressed human,” Acta Physiologica, vol. 199, no. 4, pp. 407–423, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. Fortin, W. Marte, R. Grüllenberger et al., “Continuous non-invasive blood pressure monitoring using concentrically interlocking control loops,” Computers in Biology and Medicine, vol. 36, no. 9, pp. 941–957, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. G. Parati, M. DiRienzo, and G. Mancia, “How to measure baroreflex sensitivity: from the cardiovascular laboratory to daily life,” Journal of Hypertension, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 7–19, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. A. Malliani, F. Lombardi, and M. Pagani, “Power spectrum analysis of heart rate variability: a tool to explore neural regulatory mechanisms,” British Heart Journal, vol. 71, no. 1, pp. 1–2, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. “Heart rate variability. Standards of measurement, physiological interpretation, and clinical use. Task Force of the European Society of Cardiology and the North American Society of Pacing and Electrophysiology,” European Heart Journal, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 354–381, 1996.
  24. G. Parati, S. Omboni, A. Frattola, M. Di Rienzo, A. Zanchetti, and G. Mancia, “Dynamic evaluation of the baroreflex in ambulant subject,” in Blood Pressure and Heart Rate Variability, M. di Rienzo, G. Parati, A. Pedotti, and A. Zanchetti, Eds., pp. 123–137, IOS Press, 1992. View at Google Scholar
  25. R. Freeman, “Assessment of cardiovascular autonomic function,” Clinical Neurophysiology, vol. 117, no. 4, pp. 716–730, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. “Assessment: clinical autonomic testing report of the Therapeutics and Technology Assessment Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology,” Neurology, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 873–880, 1996.
  27. V. Patel, S. Giesebrecht, A. R. Burton et al., “Reliability revisited: autonomic responses in the context of everyday well-being,” International Journal of Cardiology, vol. 166, no. 3, pp. 743–745, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. P. Wust, C. H. Cho, B. Hildebrandt, and J. Gellermann, “Thermal monitoring: invasive, minimal-invasive and non-invasive approaches,” International Journal of Hyperthermia, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 255–262, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. M. Gayda, F. Paillard, P. Sosner et al., “Effects of sauna alone and postexercise sauna bats on blood pressure and hemodynamic variables in patients with untreated hypertension,” Journal of Clinical Hypertension, vol. 14, no. 8, pp. 553–560, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. A. Sawlcka, T. Brzostek, and R. Kowalski, “Effects of sauna bath on the cardiovascular system,” Medical Rehabilitation, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 15–22, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. J. Cui, M. Sathishkumar, T. E. Wilson, M. Shibasaki, S. L. Davis, and C. G. Crandall, “Spectral characteristics of skin sympathetic nerve activity in heat-stressed humans,” The American Journal of Physiology—Heart and Circulatory Physiology, vol. 290, no. 4, pp. H1601–H1609, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. F. Yamazaki and R. Sone, “Thermal stress modulates arterial pressure variability and arterial baroreflex response of heart rate during head-up tilt in humans,” European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 84, no. 4, pp. 350–357, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. C. G. Crandall, “Heat stress and baroreflex regulation ofblood pressure,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 40, no. 12, pp. 2063–2070, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. F. Yamazaki and R. Sone, “Modulation of arterial baroreflex control of heart rate by skin cooling and heating in humans,” Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 88, no. 2, pp. 393–400, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. F. Yamazaki and R. Sone, “Whole-body heating slows carotid baroreflex response in human subjects,” European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 94, no. 5-6, pp. 690–696, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. F. Yamazaki, K. Yamauchi, Y. Tsutsui, Y. Endo, S. Sagawa, and K. Shiraki, “Whole body heating reduces the baroreflex response of sympathetic nerve activity during Valsalva straining,” Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic and Clinical, vol. 103, no. 1-2, pp. 93–99, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus