Table of Contents
Physics Research International
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 704634, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/704634
Review Article

Optical Second Harmonic Generation Microscopy as a Tool of Material Diagnosis

1Department of Physics, Waseda University, Okubo, Shinjuku-Ku, Tokyo 169-8555, Japan
2Department of Physics, Chiba University, Yayoi-Cho, Inage, Chiba 263-8522, Japan

Received 31 December 2011; Accepted 12 March 2012

Academic Editor: Tatiana V. Murzina

Copyright © 2012 Hiroko Yokota et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. Arahira and Y. Uesu, “Optical second-harmonic generation in ferroelectric dicalcium lead propionate,” Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, vol. 60, no. 7, pp. 2461–2469, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. H. Yokota, T. Oyama, and Y. Uesu, “Second-harmonic-generation microscopic observations of polar state in Li-doped KTaO3 under an electric field,” Physical Review B, vol. 72, no. 14, Article ID 144103, 6 pages, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. H. Yokota and Y. Uesu, “Second-harmonic generation and x-ray diffraction studies of the pretransitional region and polar phase in relaxor K(1−x)LixTaO3,” Brain and Nerve, vol. 75, no. 18, Article ID 184113, 8 pages, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. U. Pustogowa, T. A. Luce, W. Hübner, and K. H. Bennemann, “Theory of nonlinear magneto-optics (invited),” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 79, no. 8, pp. 6177–6180, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. N. Ogawa, T. Satoh, Y. Ogimoto, and K. Miyano, “Nonlinear optical detection of a ferromagnetic state at the single interface of an antiferromagnetic LaMnO3/SrMnO3 double layer,” Physical Review B, vol. 78, no. 21, Article ID 212409, 4 pages, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. Fiebig, T. Lottermoser, D. Fröhlich, A. V. Goltsev, and R. V. Pisarev, “Observation of coupled magnetic and electric domains,” Nature, vol. 419, no. 6909, pp. 818–820, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. Fiebig, V. V. Pavlov, and R. V. Pisarev, “Second-harmonic generation as a tool for studying electronic and magnetic structures of crystals: review,” Journal of the Optical Society of America B, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 96–118, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. M. Fiebig, “Magnetoelectric phase control in multiferroic manganites,” Phase Transitions, vol. 79, no. 12, pp. 947–956, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. B. B. Van Aken, J. P. Rivera, H. Schmid, and M. Fiebig, “Observation of ferrotoroidic domains,” Nature, vol. 449, no. 7163, pp. 702–705, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. Y. Uesu, K. Yamane, and B. A. Strukov, “Optical second-harmonic generation of ammonium fluoroberyllate crystal in the incommensurate and ferroelectric phases,” Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 453–456, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. W. Kleemann and J. Dec, “Comment on “Critical behavior of ferroelectric SrTi18O3”,” Physical Review B, vol. 75, Article ID 027101, 3 pages, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. Y. Uesu, S. Kurimura, and Y. Yamamoto, “Optical second harmonic images of 90 domain structure in BaTiO3 and periodically inverted antiparallel domains in LiTaO3,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 66, pp. 2165–2167, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. S. Kurimura and Y. Uesu, “Application of the second harmonic generation microscope to nondestructive observation of periodically poled ferroelectric domains in quasi-phase-matched wavelength converters,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 81, no. 1, pp. 369–375, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. N. Kato, K. Saito, H. Aida, and Y. Uesu, “Observations of merocyanine J-aggregate domains in mixed molecular monolayers using SHG/fluorescence and atomic force microscopes,” Chemical Physics Letters, vol. 312, no. 2–4, pp. 115–120, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. S. A. Denev, T. A. Lummen, E. Barnes, A. Kumar, and V. Gopalan, “Probing Ferroelectrics Using Optical Second Harmonic Generation,” Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 94, pp. 2699–2727, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  16. G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 39, no. 8, pp. 3597–3639, 1968. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. Y. Uesu, H. Yokota, S. Kawado, J. Kaneshiro, S. Kurimura, and N. Kato, “Three-dimensional observations of periodically poled domains in a LiTaO3 quasiphase matching crystal by second harmonic generation tomography,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 91, no. 18, Article ID 182904, 3 pages, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. J. Kaneshiro, Y. Uesu, and T. Fukui, “Visibility of inverted domain structures using the second harmonic generation microscope: comparison of interference and non-interference cases,” Journal of the Optical Society of America B, vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 888–894, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. Kaneshiro, S. Kawado, H. Yokota, Y. Uesu, and T. Fukui, “Three-dimensional observations of polar domain structures using a confocal second-harmonic generation interference microscope,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 104, no. 5, Article ID 054112, 7 pages, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. Kaneshiro and Y. Uesu, “Domain structure analysis of Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3-9%PbTiO3 single crystals using optical second harmonic generation microscopy,” Physical Review B, vol. 82, no. 82, Article ID 184116, 8 pages, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. V. Grubsky, S. MacCormack, and J. Feinberg, “All-optical three-dimensional mapping of 180 domains hidden in a BaTiO3 crystal,” Optics Letters, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 6–8, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. Y. Uesu, H. Shibata, S. Suzuki, and S. Shimada, “3D images of inverted domain structure in LiNbO3 using SHG interference microscope,” Ferroelectrics, vol. 304, no. 1, pp. 99–103, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. B. Jaffe, W. R. Cook, and H. Jaffe, Piezoelectric Ceramics, Academic Press, London, UK, 1971.
  24. K. Fujishiro, R. Vlokh, Y. Uesu et al., “Optical observation of heterophase and domain structures in relaxor ferroelectrics Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3/9%PbTiO3,” Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 37, no. 9, pp. 5246–5248, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. B. Noheda, D. E. Cox, G. Shirane, J. A. Gonzalo, L.-E. Cross, and S. E. Park, “A monoclinic ferroelectric phase in the Pb(Zr1-xTix)O3 solid solution,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 74, no. 14, pp. 2059–2061, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. H. Fu and R. E. Cohen, “Polarization rotation mechanism for ultrahigh electromechanical response in single-crystal piezoelectrics,” Nature, vol. 403, no. 6767, pp. 281–283, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. U. T. Hochli, H. E. Weibel, and L. A. Boatner, “Stabilisation of polarised clusters in KTaO3 by Li defects: formation of a polar glass,” Journal of Physics C, vol. 12, no. 14, article L563, 1979. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. R. L. Prater, L. L. Chase, and L. A. Boatner, “Raman scattering studies of the impurity-induced ferroelectric phase transition in KTaO3 : Li,” Physical Review B, vol. 23, no. 11, pp. 5904–5915, 1981. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. G. Yong, J. Toulouse, R. Erwin, S. M. Shapiro, and B. Hennion, “Pretransitional diffuse neutron scattering in the mixed perovskite relaxor K1-xLixTaO3,” Physical Review B, vol. 62, no. 22, pp. 14736–14743, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. H. Yokota and Y. Uesu, “Extremely slow time evolution of the order parameter under an electric field in relaxor K0.97Li0.03TaO3,” Journal of Physics, vol. 19, no. 10, Article ID 102201, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. P. Chandra, “Nucleation in the presence of long-range interactions,” Physical Review A, vol. 39, no. 7, pp. 3672–3681, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. S. V. Plotnikov, A. C. Millard, P. J. Campagnola, and W. A. Mohler, “Characterization of the myosin-based source for second-harmonic generation from muscle sarcomeres,” Biophysical Journal, vol. 90, no. 2, pp. 693–703, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. M. E. Llewellyn, R. P. J. Barretto, S. L. Delp, and M. J. Schnitzer, “Minimally invasive high-speed imaging of sarcomere contractile dynamics in mice and humans,” Nature, vol. 454, no. 7205, pp. 784–788, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. E. H. Synge, “A suggested method for extending microscopic resolution into the ultra-microscopic region,” Philosophical Magazine Series, vol. 6, no. 35, pp. 356–362, 1928. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  35. E. A. Ash and G. Nicholls, “Super-resolution aperture scanning microscope,” Nature, vol. 237, no. 5357, pp. 510–512, 1972. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. D. W. Pohl, W. Denk, and M. Lanz, “Optical stethoscopy: image recording with resolution λ/20,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 44, no. 7, p. 651, 1984. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  37. I. I. Smolyaninov, A. V. Zayats, and C. C. Davis, “Near-field second-harmonic imaging of ferromagnetic and ferroelectric materials,” Optics Letters, vol. 22, no. 21, pp. 1592–1594, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. I. I. Smolyaninov, C. H. Lee, and C. C. Davis, “Near-field second harmonic imaging of lead zirconate titanate piezoceramic,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 74, no. 14, pp. 1942–1944, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. W. Dickson, S. Takahashi, C. M. I. Boronat, R. M. Bowman, J. M. Gregg, and A. V. Zayats, “Near-field second-harmonic imaging of thin ferroelectric films,” Physical Review B, vol. 72, no. 9, Article ID 094110, 6 pages, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus