Table of Contents
Physics Research International
Volume 2016, Article ID 6853405, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/6853405
Research Article

Synthesis of Magnesium Oxide Nanopowder by Thermal Plasma Using Magnesium Nitrate Hexahydrate

1Center for Constructional Ceramics and the Engineering Prototyping, Belgorod National Research University, Pobedy 85, Belgorod 308015, Russia
2Voronezh State University, Universitetskaya Plóshchaď 1, Voronezh 394006, Russia
3Joint Research Center, Belgorod National Research University, Pobedy 85, Belgorod 308015, Russia

Received 29 October 2015; Accepted 26 January 2016

Academic Editor: Ali Hussain Reshak

Copyright © 2016 V. Sirota et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Magnesium oxide (MgO) nanopowder was synthesized by thermal plasma in a novel thermal DC plasma torch using magnesium nitrate hexahydrate. Magnesium nitrate hexahydrate (Mg(NO3)2·6H2O) was obtained from serpentinite (Mg3Si2O5(OH)4; lizardite) (Halilovskiy array, Orenburg region, Russia). The synthesized samples were characterized by analytical techniques including X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). XRD and TEM characterization studies confirmed that MgO nanopowder obtained has periclase structure with high purity, and the particle sizes vary within the range of 100 nm to 150 nm. We believe that the present work will promote further experimental studies on the physical properties and the applications of MgO nanopowders in the fields such as high-densed ceramics, additives in bactericide, and refractory products.