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Pathology Research International
Volume 2011, Article ID 893295, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/893295
Case Report

Primary Oral Tuberculosis as an Indicator of HIV Infection

1Department of Periodontology and Oral Medicine, School of Oral Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Limpopo (Medunsa Campus), Medunsa 0204, South Africa
2Department of Oral Pathology, School of Oral Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Limpopo (Medunsa Campus), Medunsa 0204, South Africa

Received 11 October 2010; Accepted 20 October 2010

Academic Editor: Liron Pantanowitz

Copyright © 2011 R. A. G. Khammissa et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We present a case of primary oral tuberculosis that led to the diagnosis of HIV infection. Our patient had clinically nonspecific ulcers on the labial mucosa and on the ventral surface of the tongue which were diagnosed as being tuberculous only on histological examination. This raised the suspicion of HIV infection that was subsequently confirmed by blood tests. The oral lesions resolved after 4 weeks of antituberculosis treatment. Some aspects of the pathogenesis of HIV-tuberculosis coinfection are discussed.