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Pain Research and Treatment
Volume 2012, Article ID 851276, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/851276
Research Article

Depression and Anxiety Symptoms Relate to Distinct Components of Pain Experience among Patients with Breast Cancer

1Division of Biobehavioral Medicine, Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, 67 President Street, 1-South, Charleston, SC 29425, USA
2Division of Surgical Oncology, Department of Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, 67 President Street, 1-South, Charleston, SC 29425, USA
3Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, 67 President Street, 1-South, Charleston, SC 29425, USA

Received 1 August 2012; Revised 9 October 2012; Accepted 23 October 2012

Academic Editor: Jarred Younger

Copyright © 2012 Sarah K. Galloway et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Breast cancer is a leading cancer diagnosis among women worldwide, with more than 210,000 new cases and 40,000 deaths per year in the United States. Pain, anxiety, and depression can be significant factors during the course of breast cancer. Pain is a complex experience with sensory, affective, and cognitive dimensions. While depression and anxiety symptoms are relatively common among breast cancer patients, little is known about the relation between these psychiatric factors and distinct components of the pain experience. In the present study 60 females presenting to an NCI-designated Cancer Center with newly diagnosed breast cancer completed the Center for Epidemiological Studies 10-item Depression Scale, the State Instrument of the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and the McGill Pain Questionnaire. Findings indicate that anxiety and depression are common among newly diagnosed breast cancer patients; furthermore, patients experience an appreciable amount of pain even before oncologic treatment starts. State anxiety serves as a predictor of the sensory dimension of the pain experience, whereas depression serves as a predictor of the affective dimension of the pain experience.