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Pain Research and Treatment
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 878570, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/878570
Research Article

Musculoskeletal Pain Disorders among Secondary School Saudi Female Teachers

1Department of Family & Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Dammam, Eastern Province, P.O. Box 1982, Dammam 31441, Saudi Arabia
2Family Medicine Specialists, Dammam Medical Complex, Ministry of Health, Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia

Received 28 May 2013; Revised 7 July 2013; Accepted 7 July 2013

Academic Editor: Ke Ren

Copyright © 2013 Magdy A. Darwish and Shatha Z. Al-Zuhair. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. This study was conducted to estimate prevalence and pattern of musculoskeletal pain disorders among secondary school Saudi female teachers in Al-Khobar area and the psychodemographic and psychosocial factors that may affect them. Material and Method. A cross-sectional study was conducted using sample of secondary schools teachers (governmental and private school) in Al-Khobar area, Saudi Arabia (KSA). Data were collected using a structured self-administered questionnaire. Result. Prevalence of musculoskeletal pain disorders was 79.17%. Main sites of pain were lower back (63.8%) followed by shoulder (45.4%), neck (42.1%), leg (40.0%), wrist (16.2%), and elbow joint (10.0%). Factors that showed significant relationship were type of school ( value 0.038), age ( value 0.002), weight ( value 0.007), number of children ( value 0.006), shoe type ( value 0.000), teaching years ( value 0.003), and working daily hours ( value 0.027). Conclusion. Secondary school female teachers showed high prevalence of musculoskeletal pain disorders in most anatomic sites, namely, the back, shoulder, neck, legs, wrist, and elbow joint. Risk factors associated with significant pain were type of school, age, weight, number of children, and number of teaching years.