Pain Research and Treatment / 2013 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Effects of Mild and Severe Knee Joint Pain on Various Activities of Daily Living in the Female Elderly

Table 3

Difference in achievement rates of ADLs among groups.

ADL itemsNo knee painMild unilateral knee painMild Bilateral knee painSevere Unilateral knee painSevere Bilateral knee pain V Mild knee painSevere knee painScheff’s post hoc
(G1: )(G2: )(G3: )(G4: )(G5: )G2 + G3G4 + G5G2, G3G4, G5G1, (G2 + G3), (G4 + G5)

(6) Run for >10 min without taking rest12.5%6.7%2.4%4.5%0.0%8.290.165.2%2.2%
(27) Do or undo the front buttons of a shirt using one hand19.6%22.7%19.5%9.1%8.7%3.720.1121.6%8.9%
(36) Raise the upper body approximately 3-4 times without using hands when lying down and facing up23.8%10.7%26.8%0%4.3%16.290.2216.4%2.2%
(3) Walk for over an hour without taking rest26.8%21.3%7.3%13.6%4.3%12.710.2016.4%8.9%
(21) Standing within a bus or train without using the handhold (except departing and stopping)28.6%17.3%14.6%9.1%0%15.420.2216.4%4.4%
(18) Stand on one leg with eyes open for >30 s37.5%25.3%31.7%13.6%17.4%9.550.1727.6%15.6%
(9) Jump across a ditch of approximately 50 cm40.5%26.7%31.7%13.6%0.0% 0.2528.4%6.7%(G4 + G5) < G1
(12) Ascend stairs without using the banister (fleetly)41.7%25.3%22.0%0%0% 0.3124.1%0%(G4 + G5) < G1
(33) Can carry baggage of approximately 10 kg for 10 m42.3%28.0%39.0%22.7%13.0% 0.1931.9%17.8%
(15) Stand up from a Japanese style sitting posture without using hands57.1%24.0%19.5%0%0% 0.4522.4%0%(G2 + G3),
(G4 + G5) < G1
(5) Run for approximately 3–5 min without taking rest64.9%57.3%34.1%22.7%8.7% 0.3649.1%15.6%(G4 + G5) < G1
(30) Roll up and put away heavy weight bedding67.3%54.7%58.5%31.8%13.0% 0.3156.0%22.2%(G4 + G5)
<G1, (G2 + G3)
(35) Raise the upper body approximately 1-2 times without using hands when lying down and facing up68.5%56.0%56.1%36.4%17.4% 0.2956.0%26.7%(G4 + G5) < G1
(24) Put on trousers or a skirt while standing without using a handhold77.4%65.3%63.4%27.3%17.4% 0.3964.7%22.2%(G4 + G5)
<G1, (G2 + G3)
(2) Walk for approximately 20–40 min without taking rest81.5%78.7%68.3%59.1%47.8% 0.2375.0%53.3%(G4 + G5) < G1
(26) Do or undo the front buttons of a shirt using both hands (fleetly)81.5%78.7%70.7%68.2%43.5% 0.2375.9%55.6%(G4 + G5)
< G1
(11) Ascend stairs without using the banister (slowly)86.3%66.7%58.5%27.3%26.1% 0.4463.8%26.7%(G4 + G5)
< (G2 + G3) < G1
(17) Stand on one leg with eyes open for approximately 10–20 seconds88.7%74.7%75.6%68.2%56.5% 0.2575.0%62.2%(G4 + G5) < G1
(32) Can carry baggage of approximately 5 kg for 10 m91.1%90.7%92.7%59.1%60.9% 0.3291.4%60.0%(G4 + G5)
< G1, (G2 + G3)
(8) Jump across a ditch of approximately 30 cm92.3%82.7%85.4%40.9%73.9% 0.3683.6%57.8%(G4 + G5)
< G1, (G2 + G3)
(20) Standing within a bus or train using the handhold94.0%89.3%80.5%68.2%60.9% 0.3086.2%64.4%(G4 + G5) < G1
(14) Stand up from a Japanese style sitting posture using hands95.2%86.7%65.9%54.5%56.5% 0.4179.3%55.6%(G2 + G3),
(G4 + G5) < G1
(23) Put on trousers or a skirt while standing using a handhold96.4%92.0%95.1%72.7%52.2% 0.4193.1%62.2%(G4 + G5)
< G1, (G2 + G3)
(29) Roll up and put away lightweight bedding97.0%94.7%95.1%90.9%87.0% 0.1394.8%88.9%
(1) Walk for approximately 5–10 min without taking rest100%96.0%82.9%90.9%82.6% 0.3191.4%86.7%(G2 + G3),
(G4 + G5) < G1
(10) Ascend stairs using the banister100%97.3%97.6%100%87.0% 0.2597.4%93.3%
(25) Do or undo the front buttons of a shirt using both hands (slowly)100%100%100%100%100%100%100%

Note: V: association coefficient of Cramer, .

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