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Pain Research and Treatment
Volume 2015, Article ID 512673, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/512673
Clinical Study

Usefulness of the Pain Tracking Technique in Acute Mechanical Low Back Pain

1Clinical Research Center, Playa, Havana, Cuba
2Medical-Surgical Research Center, Playa, Havana, Cuba
3Luis de la Puente Uceda Hospital-Polyclinic, 10 de Octubre, Havana, Cuba
4Public Health Ministry, Plaza, Havana, Cuba

Received 29 April 2015; Accepted 23 June 2015

Academic Editor: Giustino Varrassi

Copyright © 2015 Tania Bravo Acosta et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To evaluate the usefulness of the pain tracking technique in acute mechanical low back pain. Method. We performed an experimental prospective (longitudinal) explanatory study between January 2011 and September 2012. The sample was randomly divided into two groups. Patients were assessed at the start and end of the treatment using the visual analogue scale and the Waddell test. Treatment consisted in applying the pain tracking technique to the study group and interferential current therapy to the control group. At the end of treatment, cryotherapy was applied for 10 minutes. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test and the Mann Whitney test were used. They were performed with a predetermined significance level of . Results. Pain was triggered by prolonged static posture and intense physical labor and intensified through trunk movements and when sitting and standing. The greatest relief was reported in lateral decubitus position and in William’s position. The majority of the patients had contracture. Pain and disability were modified with the rehabilitation treatment in both groups. Conclusions. Both the pain tracking and interferential current techniques combined with cryotherapy are useful treatments for acute mechanical low back pain. The onset of analgesia is faster when using the pain tracking technique.