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Pain Research and Treatment
Volume 2016, Article ID 2473629, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/2473629
Clinical Study

A Small Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial Comparing Mobile and Traditional Pain Coping Skills Training Protocols for Cancer Patients with Pain

1Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
2Department of Internal Medicine, Duke Cancer Institute, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
3Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, USA

Received 25 July 2016; Revised 30 September 2016; Accepted 10 October 2016

Academic Editor: Stefan Evers

Copyright © 2016 Tamara J. Somers et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Psychosocial pain management interventions are efficacious for cancer pain but are underutilized. Recent advances in mobile health (mHealth) technologies provide new opportunities to decrease barriers to access psychosocial pain management interventions. The objective of this study was to gain information about the accessibility and efficacy of mobile pain coping skills training (mPCST) intervention delivered to cancer patients with pain compared to traditional in-person pain coping skills training intervention. This study randomly assigned participants () to receive either mobile health pain coping skills training intervention delivered via Skype or traditional pain coping skills training delivered face-to-face (PCST-trad). This pilot trial suggests that mPCST is feasible, presents low burden to patients, may lead to high patient engagement, and appears to be acceptable to patients. Cancer patients with pain in the mPCST group reported decreases in pain severity and physical symptoms as well as increases in self-efficacy for pain management that were comparable to changes in the PCST-trad group (’s < 0.05). These findings suggest that mPCST, which is a highly accessible intervention, may provide benefits similar to an in-person intervention and shows promise for being feasible, acceptable, and engaging to cancer patients with pain.