Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Pain Research and Treatment
Volume 2016, Article ID 7843216, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7843216
Research Article

Load Handling and Repetitive Movements Are Associated with Chronic Low Back Pain among Jute Mill Workers in India

1ESI Institute of Pain Management, ESI Hospital, Sealdah, 301/3A, A. P. C. Road, Kolkata, West Bengal 700009, India
2Department of Mechanical Engineering, Jadavpur University, 188 Raja S. C. Mallick Road, Kolkata 700032, India
3Department of Community Medicine, R. G. Kar Medical College & Hospital, 1 Kshudiram Bose Sarani, Kolkata 700004, India
4The Jute Corporation of India Ltd., 15N Nellie Sengupta Sarani, Kolkata 700087, India
5Regional Occupational Health Centre (Eastern), Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), Block DP1, Sector V, Salt Lake, Kolkata 700091, India

Received 21 April 2016; Revised 1 July 2016; Accepted 5 July 2016

Academic Editor: Giustino Varrassi

Copyright © 2016 S. Goswami et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. WHO recognizes low back pain as one of the most important ergonomic stressors. Therefore, the present study was designed to find out the magnitude of the problem among jute mill workers in India and identify possible associations. Methodology. This cross-sectional workplace based study was conducted among eight (8) selected jute mills of India. Subjects with self-reported back pain for at least last 12 weeks were included and male jute mill workers actively engaged in work entered the study and completed all assessments. Results. Among all participants 55% () had current chronic low back pain. Age was an important association with subjects in the age group of 40–59 years more likely to have pain (, OR 1.44). Regarding ergonomic risk factors lifting of load of more than 20 kg (, OR 1.42) and repetitive movements of limbs (, OR 0.67) were significant associations of chronic low back pain. Conclusion. This study identified a significant prevalence of current chronic low back pain among jute mill workers. Regarding ergonomic risk factors the present study has identified two significant associations: lifting of load above 20 kg and repetitive movements of limbs. Therefore, this study has identified need for workplace interventions in this occupational group employing approximately 3,50,000 workers in India.