Pain Research and Treatment / 2016 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Load Handling and Repetitive Movements Are Associated with Chronic Low Back Pain among Jute Mill Workers in India

Table 2

Relationship between chronic low back pain (cLBP) and participant characteristics ().

Participant characteristicsWith cLBP
(%)
Without cLBP
(%)
()

Age
 20–39 years166 (49.8%)167 (50.2%)
 40–59 years226 (58.9%)158 (41.1%) ()
OR 1.44 (1.07–1.93)

BMI
 ≤25295 (53.5%)256 (46.5%)
 >2597 (58.4%)69 (41.6%) ()
OR 1.22 (0.86–1.73)

Education
 Illiterate53 (57.6%)39 (42.4%)
 Primary86 (52.1%)79 (48.0%)
 Middle school125 (57.3%)93 (42.7%) ()
 Secondary97 (52.2%)89 (47.8%)
 HS & above31 (55.4%)25 (44.6%)

Tobacco
 No121 (50.0%)121 (50.0%) ()
 Yes271 (57.1%)204 (43.0%)OR 1.33 (0.98–1.81)

Sanitation
 Indian380 (54.1%)323 (45.9%) ()
 Western12 (85.7%)2 (14.3%)OR 5.10 (1.13–22.95)

Experience
 <20 years211 (51.1%)202 (48.9%)
 20 to 40 years170 (59.4%)116 (40.6%) ()
 >40 years11 (61.1%)7 (38.9%)

Parent working in jute mill
 No252 (52.9%)224 (47.1%)
 Yes140 (58.1%)101 (41.9%) ()
OR 1.22 (0.89–1.66)

Working hr per week
 40 hr189 (52.5%)171 (47.5%)
 48 hr213 (57.4%)158 (42.6%) ()
OR 1.23 (0.90–1.68)

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