Table of Contents
Pain Research and Treatment
Volume 2017, Article ID 9081802, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/9081802
Research Article

Chronic Pain and Sleep Disorders in Primary Care

1Department of Psychotherapy and Biopsychosocial Health, Danube University Krems, Krems, Austria
2Practice for General Medicine, Vorderweißenbach, Austria
3Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, University Hospital Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany

Correspondence should be addressed to Robert Jank; ta.ca.inu-uanod@knaj.trebor

Received 11 August 2017; Revised 18 November 2017; Accepted 26 November 2017; Published 19 December 2017

Academic Editor: Steve McGaraughty

Copyright © 2017 Robert Jank et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Chronic pain (CP) and sleep disorders (SD) are highly prevalent in the general population. However, comprehensive data regarding the prevalence and characteristics of pain and SD in primary care are rare. Methods. From patients were included within 8 weeks (mean age: years, females: 289). Sociodemographic data, Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), and parts of a self-report questionnaire for pain (Multidimensional German Pain Questionnaire) were recorded and additional medical information (pain medication, sleep medication) was gathered from the patient charts. Results. Of the total sample, 33.2% () suffer from CP (pain ≥ 6 months) and 29.1% () from SD. 45.5% of the CP patients suffer from SD and 26.5% from clinical insomnia (ISI ≥ 15). SD (β = 0.872, SE = 0.191,   = 4,572, , CI [0.497; 1.246]) and older age (β = 0.025, SE = 0.005, = 5.135, , CI [0.015; 0.035]) were significantly associated with pain experience. Conclusion. About a quarter of CP patients suffer from clinical insomnia. The suggested bidirectional relation should be considered during comprehensive assessment and treatment of patients.