Table of Contents
Plastic Surgery International
Volume 2012, Article ID 252368, 10 pages
Review Article

Complications of Blepharoplasty: Prevention and Management

Division of Orbital, Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada M5S 3A5

Received 14 October 2011; Revised 5 February 2012; Accepted 12 February 2012

Academic Editor: Moustapha Hamdi

Copyright © 2012 James Oestreicher and Sonul Mehta. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Blepharoplasty is an operation to modify the contour and configuration of the eyelids in order to restore a more youthful appearance. The surgery involves removing redundant skin, fat, and muscle. In addition, supporting structures such as canthal tendons are tightened. Other conditions such as ptosis, brow ptosis, entropion, ectropion, or eyelid retraction may also need to be corrected at the time a blepharoplasty is performed to ensure the best functional and aesthetic result. Due to the complexity and intricate nature of eyelid anatomy, complications do exist. In addition to a thorough pre operative assessment and meticulous surgical planning, understanding the etiology of complications is key to prevention. Finally, management of complications is just as important as surgical technique.