Table of Contents
Plastic Surgery International
Volume 2013, Article ID 382754, 7 pages
Research Article

Philtral Columns and Nostril Shapes in Nigerian Children: A Morphometric and Aesthetic Analysis

Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, P.O. Box 06, Shika, Kaduna State, Zaria 810001, Nigeria

Received 1 April 2013; Accepted 26 May 2013

Academic Editor: Francesco Carinci

Copyright © 2013 Ibrahim Abdulrasheed and Asuku Malachy Eneye. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. The upper lip-nose complex contributes significantly to the concept of symmetry and proportion of the face. A study of the morphology and aesthetic preferences of the lip-nose complex will provide a database that will serve as a guide for reconstruction. Subjects and Methods. Hundred Nigerian children participated in this study. Demographic data and standard photographs of the philtral column and nostrils were obtained. Sixty volunteers were recruited to evaluate the photographs. Each volunteer was asked to rank the photographs based on their aesthetic preference. Results. The morphology of the philtral columns was classified into four groups: (1) triangular, (2) concave, (3) flat, and (4) parallel. The nostril shape was also classified into four groups: (1) triangular, (2) round, (3) teardrop, and (4) rectangular. In both genders, the triangular shape of philtral column was the most common. There are significant age differences in the aesthetic rankings of philtral columns and nostril shapes. Conclusion. Our study establishes the basal values for the morphometric and aesthetic parameters of the lip-nose complex of 5- and 6-year-old children in Nigeria. We hope our results and reconstructive surgery will intersect at a point to treat disfigurements of the philtrum and nostrils successfully.