Table of Contents
Magnetic and Electrical Separation
Volume 7 (1996), Issue 2, Pages 77-107
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/1996/89312

Magnetic Treatment of Water: Possible Mechanisms and Conditions for Applications

Ukrainian Institute of Water Management Engineers, Physico—Technical Laboratory of Water Systems, 11 Soborna St., Rivne, 266000, Ukraine

Received 9 May 1995; Revised 11 May 1995; Accepted 27 September 1995

Copyright © 1996 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In this paper, fundamental properties and parameters of water molecules, fine “structure” of water, hydration of ions and nature of the hydrogen bond are reviewed. A model is outlined of possible mechanisms of the effect of relatively weak magnetic fields on the statistically mean number of hydrogen bonds between water molecules, as a result of forbidden triplet—singlet transitions in the Zeeman electron—proton multiplets of the water molecule and its near surroundings. The effect of the influence of the magnetic field on the ion—colloidal subsystems of aqueous environment are analysed. It is shown that the energy of magnetic dipole interaction of colloidal particles of the magnetite type is sufficient for their flocculation and concentration in areas of high gradient of the magnetic field, and for their stability against hydrodynamic disruption of the flocs, possible centres of crystallisation of CaCO3 On the basis of the proposed calculations, and also based on data presented by other authors,particularly from ex—Soviet Union, conditions and regimes of anti—scale magnetic treatment of water are reviewed.