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Sarcoma
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 523432, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/523432
Review Article

Molecular Alterations Associated with Osteosarcoma Development

1INSERM, UMR-S 957, 1 Rue Gaston Veil, 44035 Nantes, France
2Physiopathologie de la Résorption Osseuse et Thérapie des Tumeurs Osseuses Primitives, Université de Nantes, Nantes Atlantique Universités, EA3822, 1 Rue Gaston Veil, 44035 Nantes, France
3Equipe Labellisée Ligue 2012, Nantes, France
4Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Shiga University of Medical Science, Tsukinowa-cho, Seta, Otsu, Shiga 520-2192, Japan
5Nantes University Hospital, Nantes, France

Received 30 September 2011; Accepted 2 December 2011

Academic Editor: Chandrajit Premanand Raut

Copyright © 2012 Kosei Ando et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Osteosarcoma is the most frequent malignant primary bone tumor characterized by a high potency to form lung metastases which is the main cause of death. Unfortunately, the conventional chemotherapy is not fully effective on osteosarcoma metastases. The progression of a primary tumor to metastasis requires multiple processes, which are neovascularization, proliferation, invasion, survival in the bloodstream, apoptosis resistance, arrest at a distant organ, and outgrowth in secondary sites. Consequently, recent studies have revealed new insights into the molecular mechanisms of metastasis development. The understanding of the mechanism of molecular alterations can provide the identification of novel therapeutic targets and/or prognostic markers for osteosarcoma treatment to improve the clinical outcome.