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Schizophrenia Research and Treatment
Volume 2015, Article ID 979605, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/979605
Research Article

Delusional Disorder over the Reproductive Life Span: The Potential Influence of Menopause on the Clinical Course

1Barcelona Clinic Schizophrenia Unit (BCSU), Neurosciences Institute, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona, University of Barcelona, 170 Villarroel Street, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
2Department of Mental Health, Hospital Universitari Mútua de Terrassa, 5 Doctor Robert Street, 08221 Terrassa, Spain
3Barcelona Clinic Schizophrenia Unit (BCSU), Neurosciences Institute, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona, Department of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychobiology, University of Barcelona, 170 Villarroel Street, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
4Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red en Salud Mental (CIBERSAM), Institut d’Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), 149 Rosselló Street, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
5Barcelona Clinic Schizophrenia Unit (BCSU), Bipolar Disorders Unit, Neurosciences Institute, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona, University of Barcelona, 170 Villarroel Street, 08036 Barcelona, Spain

Received 28 May 2015; Revised 11 October 2015; Accepted 12 October 2015

Academic Editor: Robin Emsley

Copyright © 2015 Alexandre González-Rodríguez et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background and Objectives. Recent evidence supports an association between estrogen levels and severity of psychopathology in schizophrenia women. Our main goal was to investigate whether delusional disorder (DD) women with premenopausal onset and those with postmenopausal onset differ in demographic and clinical features. Methods. Psychopathological symptoms were assessed in 80 DD women (DSM-IV-TR), at baseline and after six and 24 months. Scores in the PANSS, PSP for functionality, HRSD 17 items, C-SSRS for suicide, and the SUMD were considered outcome variables. For comparison purposes, t- and -tests were performed and nonparametric tests when necessary. Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) was conducted for multivariate comparisons. Results. 57 out of 80 DD women completed the study. When unadjusted, DD with premenopausal onset had a longer DUP, higher educational level, and a tendency toward higher rates of gynaecological disorders. Erotomanic type was most frequent in DD women premenopausal onset, and somatic and jealous types were most frequent in those with postmenopausal onset. After 24 months, DD women with premenopausal onset showed higher depressive symptoms and a tendency toward higher rates of psychotic relapses. Conclusions. Our results support that some aspects of psychopathology and insight may differ according to the onset of DD and the reproductive status.