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Schizophrenia Research and Treatment
Volume 2016, Article ID 3165243, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3165243
Research Article

Schizophrenia and Suicide Attempts: Findings from a Representative Community-Based Canadian Sample

Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada M5S 1V4

Received 31 August 2015; Revised 13 December 2015; Accepted 14 December 2015

Academic Editor: L. Citrome

Copyright © 2016 Esme Fuller-Thomson and Bailey Hollister. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This study examined factors associated with suicide attempts among those with schizophrenia () versus those without () in a representative sample of noninstitutionalized Canadians. The lifetime prevalence of suicide attempts among persons with schizophrenia was 39.2% versus 2.8% of nonafflicted individuals. After adjusting for sociodemographics, childhood adversities, substance abuse/dependence, depression/anxiety, and chronic pain, those with schizophrenia had 6 times the odds (OR = 6.47) of attempting suicide. Among persons with schizophrenia, suicide attempts were associated with female gender (OR = 4.59), substance abuse/dependence (OR = 6.31), depression (OR = 4.93), and childhood physical abuse (OR = 5.75). Community-dwelling persons with schizophrenia appear to be at high risk for suicide attempts.