Table of Contents
Smart Materials Research
Volume 2012, Article ID 712103, 8 pages
Research Article

Static Electric Force and Measurement Principle of Material Constants in Electrostrictive Material

School of Naval Architecture, Ocean and Civil Engineering, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200240, China

Received 30 November 2011; Accepted 23 December 2011

Academic Editor: Ma Jan

Copyright © 2012 Zhen-Bang Kuang. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Electrostrictive materials convert electrical energy into mechanical energy and vice versa. They are extensive applied as intelligent materials in the engineering structures. The governing equations in electrostrictive media under the quasistatic electric field are very important for the measurement of material constants and the research on the strength and function. But some theoretical problems should be further clarified. In this paper, the electric force acting on the material is studied and the complete governing equations will be given. In this paper a possible method to measure electrostrictive coefficients is also discussed.