Table of Contents
Smart Materials Research
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 147524, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/147524
Research Article

Synthesis, Structural, and Electrical Properties of Pure PbTiO3 Ferroelectric Ceramics

1Department of Physics, Dayanand Science College, Latur 413 531, India
2Department of Physics, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University, Aurangabad 431 004, India

Received 20 February 2013; Accepted 19 March 2013

Academic Editor: Li Tao

Copyright © 2013 Vijendra A. Chaudhari and Govind K. Bichile. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. F. Jona and G. Shirane, Ferroelectric Crystals, MacMillan, New York, NY, USA, 1962.
  2. R. Migoni, H. Bilz, and D. Bauerle, “Origin of raman scattering and ferroelectricity in oxidic perovskites,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 37, no. 17, pp. 1155–1158, 1976. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. L. E. Cross, “Dielectric, piezoelectric and ferroelectric components,” The Bulletin of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 63, pp. 586–590, 1984. View at Google Scholar
  4. K. Sasazawa, K. Oshima, and N. Yamaoka, “Surface potential decay and residual voltage measurements in highly elongated polyethylene,” Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 26, pp. L65–L67, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. T. R. Shrout and A. Halliyal, “Preparation of lead-based ferroelectric relaxors for capacitors,” American Ceramic Society Bulletin, vol. 66, pp. 704–711, 1987. View at Google Scholar
  6. D. Damjanovic, T. R. Gururaja, and L. E. Cross, “Anisotropy in piezoelectric properties of modified lead titanate ceramics,” American Ceramic Society Bulletin, vol. 66, no. 4, pp. 699–703, 1987. View at Google Scholar
  7. M. Kuwabara, “Lead titanate ceramics with positive temperature coefficients of resistivity,” Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 73, no. 5, pp. 1438–1439, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. Y. Chan, H. L. W. Chan, and C. L. Choy, “Nanocrystalline lead titanate and lead titanate/vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene 0-3 nanocomposites,” Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 81, no. 5, p. 1231, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. R. Y. Ting, “Evaluation of new piezoelectric composite materials for hydrophone applications,” Ferroelectrics, vol. 67, no. 1, pp. 143–157, 1978. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. G. Shirane and S. Hoshino, “On the phase transition in lead titanate,” Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, vol. 6, pp. 265–270, 1951. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. Y. XU, Ferroelectric Materials and Their Applications, North Holland, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1991.
  12. L. B. Archer, C. D. Chandler, R. Kingsborough, and M. J. Hampden-Smith, “Synthesis and characterization of perovskite-phase mixed-metal oxides: lead titanate,” Journal of Materials Chemistry, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 151–158, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. T. W. Dekleva, J. M. Hayes, L. E. Cross, and G. L. Geoffroy, “Sol—gel processing of lead titanate in 2-methoxyethanol: investigations into the nature of the prehydrolyzed solutions,” Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 71, no. 5, pp. C280–C282, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. J. Moon, T. Li, C. A. Randall, and J. H. Adair, “Low temperature synthesis of lead titanate by a hydrothermal method,” Journal of Materials Research, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 189–197, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. J. D. Tsay and T. T. Fang, “Effects of temperature and atmosphere on the formation mechanism of barium titanate using the citrate process,” Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 79, no. 6, pp. 1693–1696, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. J. S. Forrester, J. S. Zobec, D. Phelan, and E. H. Kisi, “Synthesis of PbTiO3 ceramics using mechanical alloying and solid state sintering,” Journal of Solid State Chemistry, vol. 177, no. 10, pp. 3553–3559, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. L. S. Hong and C. C. Wei, “Effect of oxygen pressure upon composition variation during chemical vapor deposition growth of lead titanate films from tetraethyl lead and titanium tetraisopropoxide,” Materials Letters, vol. 46, no. 2-3, pp. 149–153, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. S. Kim, M. C. Jun, and S. C. Hwang, “Preparation of undoped lead titanate ceramics via sol-gel processing,” Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 82, no. 2, pp. 289–296, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. G. M. Algueró, G. Drazic, M. Kosec, M. L. Calzada, and L. Pardo, “Evolución microestructural durante la transformación de la estructura pirocloro en perovskita en láminas de (Pb,La)TiO3,” Boletín de la Sociedad Española de Cerámica y Vidrio, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 98–101, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. S. Ananta and N. W. Thomas, “Fabrication of PMN and PFN ceramics by a two-stage sintering technique,” Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 19, no. 16, pp. 2917–2930, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. K. Katayama, M. Abe, T. Akiba, and H. Yanagida, “Sintering and dielectric properties of single-phase Pb(Mg 1/3Nb 2/3)O3-PbTiO3,” Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 183–191, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. J. Xue, D. Wan, and J. Wang, “Mechanochemical synthesis of nanosized lead titanate powders from mixed oxides,” Materials Letters, vol. 39, no. 6, pp. 364–369, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. B. D. Cullity, Elements of X-Ray Diffraction, Addison-Wesley, Boston, Mass, USA, 2nd edition, 1978.
  24. G. H. Haertling, “Ferroelectric ceramics: history and technology,” Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 82, no. 4, pp. 797–818, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. L. E. Cross, “Ferroelectric materials for electromechanical transducer applications,” Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 108–115, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. R. Yimnirun, S. Ananta, and P. Laoratanakul, “Effects of Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3 mixed-oxide modification on dielectric properties of Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3 ceramics,” Materials Science and Engineering B, vol. 112, no. 1, pp. 79–86, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  27. R. D. Shannon and C. T. Prewitt, “Effective ionic radii in oxides and fluorides,” Acta Crystallographica, vol. 25, pp. 925–946, 1969. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  28. A. Halliyal, U. Kumar, R. E. Newnham, and L. E. Cross, “Stabilization of the Perovskite Phase and Dielectric Properties of Ceramics in the Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3-BaTiO3 System,” American Ceramic Society Bulletin, vol. 66, no. 4, pp. 671–676, 1987. View at Google Scholar
  29. N. Vittayakorn, G. Rujijanagul, X. Tan, M. A. Marquardt, and D. P. Cann, “The morphotropic phase boundary and dielectric properties of the xPb(Zr1/2Ti1/2)O3-(1−x)Pb(Ni1/3Nb2/3)O3 perovskite solid solution,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 96, no. 9, p. 5103, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  30. S. M. Pilgrim, A. E. Sutherland, and S. R. Winzer, “Diffuseness as a useful parameter for relaxor ceramics,” Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 73, no. 10, pp. 3122–3135, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus