Table of Contents
Smart Materials Research
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 840413, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/840413
Research Article

Functionality Evaluation of a Novel Smart Expandable Pedicle Screw to Mitigate Osteoporosis Effect in Bone Fixation: Modeling and Experimentation

1The University of Toledo, Toledo, OH 43606-3390, USA
2NiTinol Commercialization Accelerator Dynamic and Smart Systems Laboratory, The University of Toledo, Toledo, OH 43606-3390, USA
3Engineering Center for Orthopedic Research Excellence (E-CORE), The University of Toledo, Toledo, OH 43606-3390, USA

Received 9 February 2013; Accepted 7 May 2013

Academic Editor: David Vokoun

Copyright © 2013 Ahmadreza Eshghinejad et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. W. Gaines, “The use of pedicle-screw internal fixation for the operative treatment of spinal disorders,” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American, vol. 82, no. 10, pp. 1458–1476, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. S. S. Hu, “Internal fixation in the osteoporotic spine,” Spine, vol. 22, no. 24, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. S. Inceoglu, Failure of pedicle screw-bone interface: biomechanics of pedicle screw insertion and pullout [Ph.D. thesis], Cleveland State University, 2004.
  4. J. R. Chapman, R. M. Harrington, K. M. Lee, P. A. Anderson, A. F. Tencer, and D. Kowalski, “Factors affecting the pullout strength of cancellous bone screws,” Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, vol. 118, no. 3, pp. 391–398, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. S. Battula, A. J. Schoenfeld, V. Sahai, G. A. Vrabec, J. Tank, and G. O. Njus, “The effect of pilot hole size on the insertion torque and pullout strength of self-tapping cortical bone screws in osteoporotic bone,” Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection & Critical Care, vol. 64, no. 4, pp. 990–995, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. D. C. Moore, R. S. Maitra, L. A. Farjo, G. P. Graziano, and S. A. Goldstein, “Restoration of pedicle screw fixation with an in situ setting calcium phosphate cement,” Spine, vol. 22, no. 15, pp. 1696–1705, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. B. E. McKoy and Y. H. An, “An expandable anchor for fixation in osteoporotic bone,” Journal of Orthopaedic Research, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 545–547, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. M. V. Kotenko, V. A. Kopyssova, V. V. Razdorsky, and V. V. Kishkarev, “Shape-memory dental quadriradical implants for single-stage immediate implantation and undelayed dental prosthetics,” Biomedical Engineering, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 156–158, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. D. C. Lagoudas, Ed., Shape Memory Alloys: Modeling and Engineering Applications, Springer, New York, NY, USA, 2008. View at MathSciNet
  10. T. Duerig, A. Pelton, and D. Stöckel, “An overview of nitinol medical applications,” Materials Science and Engineering A, vol. 273-275, pp. 149–160, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. E. Tarkesh, M. H. Elahinia, M. S. Hefzy, and C. W. Armstrong, “Shape memory alloys, as alternative actuation method for orthosis devices,” in North American Congress on Biomechanics, 2008.
  12. J. N. Weinstein, B. L. Rydevik, and W. Rauschning, “Anatomic and technical considerations of pedicle screw fixation,” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, no. 284, pp. 34–46, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. Abaqus, Analysis User's Manual, Dassault Systemes of America Corp., Woodlands Hills, Calif, USA, 2009.
  14. M. A. Qidwai and D. C. Lagoudas, “Numerical implementation of a shape memory alloy thermomechanical constitutive model using return mapping algorithms,” International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, vol. 47, no. 6, pp. 1123–1168, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J. G. Boyd and D. C. Lagoudas, “A thermodynamical constitutive model for shape memory materials. Part I. The monolithic shape memory alloy,” International Journal of Plasticity, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 805–842, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. British Standards Institution, Implants for Osteosynthesis. Part 5, Bone Screws and Auxiliary Equipment, (Section 5.3, Specification for the Dimensions of Screws Having Hexagonal Drive Connection, Spherical Under Surfaces and Asymmetrical Thread), British Standards Institution, London, UK, 1991.
  17. Q. H. Zhang, S. H. Tan, and S. M. Chou, “Investigation of fixation screw pull-out strength on human spine,” Journal of Biomechanics, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 479–485, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. T. Allan and J. Kenneth, Biomechanics in Orthopedic Trauma: Bone Fracture and Fixation, M. Dunitz, London, UK, 1994.
  19. V. K. Goel, Y. E. Kim, T.-H. Lim, and J. N. Weinstein, “An analytical investigation of the mechanics of spinal instrumentation,” Spine, vol. 13, no. 9, pp. 1003–1011, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. C.-L. Liu, H.-H. Chen, C.-K. Cheng, H.-C. Kao, and W.-H. Lo, “Biomechanical evaluation of a new anterior spinal implant,” Clinical Biomechanics, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. S40–S45, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. R. P. Dickenson, W. C. Hutton, and J. R. R. Stott, “The mechanical properties of bone in osteoporosis,” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. British, vol. 63, no. 2, pp. 233–238, 1981. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus