Table of Contents
Thrombosis
Volume 2011, Article ID 629383, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/629383
Clinical Study

Incidence of Deep Vein Thrombosis in Hospitalized Chinese Medical Patients and the Impact of DVT Prophylaxis

Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong

Received 23 November 2010; Accepted 3 January 2011

Academic Editor: Omer Iqbal

Copyright © 2011 Gregory Cheng et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To evaluate the incidence of deep vein thrombosis in hospitalized Chinese medical patients and the impact of DVT prophylaxis. Methods. All cases of confirmed proximal DVT from 1 January 2005 to 31 December 2008 were reviewed retrospectively to determine the presence of risk factors and whether DVT developed: during hospitalization in medical wards or in case of readmission with a diagnosis of DVT within 14 days of discharge from a recent admission to medical wards. The impact of prophylaxis will be estimated by comparing the annual incidence of proximal DVT among medical patients hospitalized from 2005 to 2007 with that of 2008 (DVT prophylaxis commonly used). Results. From 1 January 2005 to 31 December 2008, 3938 Doppler ultrasound studies were performed for suspected DVT. Proximal DVT was diagnosed in 687 patients. The calculated incidence of proximal DVT among medical patients hospitalized for at least two days was 1 . 8 % , 2 % , and 1 . 7 % for the year 2005, 2006, and 2007, respectively. The incidence was 1 . 1 % for 2008 ( 𝑃 < . 0 0 1 ). Conclusion. Proximal DVT was substantial in Chinese medical patients, and DVT prophylaxis might reduce such risk.