Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Tuberculosis Research and Treatment
Volume 2013, Article ID 369717, 5 pages
Research Article

Awareness of the Warning Signs, Risk Factors, and Treatment for Tuberculosis among Urban Nigerians

1Department of Medicine, University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, PMB 1459, Ilorin 240001, Nigeria
2Department of Medicine, Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, PMB 5355, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
3Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, PMB 1459, Ilorin 240001, Nigeria
4Department of Anaesthesia, University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, PMB 1459, Ilorin 240001, Nigeria

Received 27 September 2012; Revised 7 December 2012; Accepted 21 December 2012

Academic Editor: José R. Lapa e Silva

Copyright © 2013 Olufemi O. Desalu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Objectives. To determine the awareness of the warning signs, risk factors, and treatment of tuberculosis among urban Nigerians. Methods. This was a cross-sectional survey among 574 adults in Ilorin, Nigeria. Semistructured questionnaire was administered by trained interviewers to obtain information about awareness of tuberculosis warning signs, risk factors, and treatment. Results. Majority of the subjects (71.4%) were aware of at least one warning sign of tuberculosis. Cough (66.2%), weight loss (38.0%), and haemoptysis (30.7%) were the most identified warning signs. The predictors of awareness of warning sign were increasing age ( ), higher family income ( ), higher level of education ( ), and belonging to Christian faith ( ). Awareness of risk factors for tuberculosis was higher for tobacco smokers (77.0%) and history of contact with a case of TB (76.0%). Less than half were aware of HIV infection (49.8%), alcohol consumption (42.5%), chronic kidney disease (40.4%), extremes of ages (39.4%), cancers (36.9%), and diabetes mellitus (27.5%) as risk factors for TB. Tuberculosis was reported to be curable by 74.6% of the subjects and 67.9% knew that there are medications for treatment of tuberculosis, while 11.5% knew the duration of treatment. Conclusion. This study has revealed that the awareness of HIV and noncommunicable diseases as risk factors for TB is poor. This study has therefore demonstrated the need for health education programs that will emphasize recognition, identification, and modification of risk factor for TB.