Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Tuberculosis Research and Treatment
Volume 2013, Article ID 489865, 37 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/489865
Review Article

Psychiatric Morbidity and Other Factors Affecting Treatment Adherence in Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients

Psychiatric Department, Sotiria General Hospital of Chest Disease, Athens, Greece

Received 30 April 2012; Revised 3 January 2013; Accepted 7 February 2013

Academic Editor: Jeffrey R. Starke

Copyright © 2013 Argiro Pachi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. T. E. Herchline, B. A. Cunha, P. S. Chavis et al., Tuberculosis. Medscape Reference, WebMD, Updated: March, 2012.
  2. P. Martin, “Tuberculosis at the end of the century,” MedDigest, vol. 22, pp. 10–11, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  3. P. M. Small, “Tuberculosis research: balancing the portfolio,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 276, no. 18, pp. 1512–1513, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. R. Rajeswari, R. Balasubramanian, M. Muniyandi, S. Geetharamani, X. Thresa, and P. Venkatesan, “Socio-economic impact of tuberculosis on patients and family in India,” International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, vol. 3, no. 10, pp. 869–877, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  5. World Health Organization, Global Tuberculosis Control 2010, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2010, http://www.who.int/tb/publications/global_report/en/index.html.
  6. C. Dye, S. Scheele, P. Dolin, V. Pathania, and M. C. Raviglione, “Global burden of tuberculosis: estimated incidence, prevalence, and mortality by country,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 282, no. 7, pp. 677–686, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. S. Waisbord, Behavioral Barriers in Tuberculosis Control: A Literature Review, The CHANGE Project/Academy for Educational Development, Washington, DC, USA, 2004.
  8. P. Brown, “A disease that is alive and kicking,” World Health, vol. 46, no. 4, pp. 4–5, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  9. World Health Organisation, Fact Sheet 2007.
  10. Global Tuberculosis Control, WHO Report 1998 Global Tuberculosis Programme, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 1998.
  11. J. M. Grange and A. Zumla, “Paradox of the global emergency of tuberculosis,” The Lancet, vol. 353, no. 9157, p. 996, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. H. Saez, E. Valencia, S. Conover, and E. Susser, “Tuberculosis and HIV among mentally ill men in a New York City shelter,” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 86, no. 9, pp. 1318–1319, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. T. R. Frieden, P. I. Fujiwara, R. M. Washko, and M. A. Hamburg, “Tuberculosis in New York City—turning the tide,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 333, no. 4, pp. 229–233, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. D. Alland, G. E. Kalkut, A. R. Moss et al., “Transmission of tuberculosis in New York City—an analysis by DNA fingerprinting and conventional epidemiologic methods,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 330, no. 24, pp. 1710–1716, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. E. Susser, R. Moore, and B. Link, “Risk factors for homelessness,” Epidemiologic Reviews, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 546–556, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. C. P. Theuer, P. C. Hopewell, D. Elias, G. F. Schecter, G. W. Rutherford, and R. E. Chaisson, “Human immunodeficiency virus infection in tuberculosis patients,” Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 162, no. 1, pp. 8–12, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. L. N. Friedman, G. M. Sullivan, R. P. Bevilaqua, and R. Loscos, “Tuberculosis screening in alcoholics and drug addicts,” American Review of Respiratory Disease, vol. 136, no. 5, pp. 1188–1192, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. M. T. McKenna, E. McCray, and I. Onorato, “The epidemiology of tuberculosis among foreign-born persons in the United States, 1986 to 1993,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 332, no. 16, pp. 1071–1076, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. A. G. Lopez, “Tuberculosis and the severely mentally ill,” American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 151, no. 1, pp. 151–152, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. H. L. McQuistion, P. Colson, R. Yankowitz, and E. Susser, “Tuberculosis infection among people with severe mental illness,” Psychiatric Services, vol. 48, no. 6, pp. 833–835, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. S. Westaway and L. Wolmarans, “Depression and self-esteem: rapid screening for depression in black, low literacy, hospitalized tuberculosis patients,” Social Science and Medicine, vol. 35, no. 10, pp. 1311–1315, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. H. S. Moffic and E. S. Paykel, “Depression in medical in-patients,” British Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 126, no. 4, pp. 346–353, 1975. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. S. V. Cavanaugh, “The prevalence of emotional and cognitive dysfunction in a general medical population: using the MMSE, GHQ, and BDI,” General Hospital Psychiatry, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 15–24, 1983. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. A. J. Trenton and G. W. Currier, “Treatment of comorbid tuberculosis and depression,” Primary Care Companion to the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 236–243, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC)/WHO Regional Office for Europe, Tuberculosis Surveillance in Europe 2008, ECDC, Stockholm, Sweden, 2010, http://www.ecdc.europa.eu/en/publications/Publications/1003_SUR_tuberculosis_surveillance_in_europe_2008.pdf.
  26. A. Kochi, “The global tuberculosis situation and the new control strategy of the World Health Organization,” Tubercle, vol. 72, no. 1, pp. 1–6, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. S. R. Benatar, “Prospects for global health: lessons from tuberculosis,” Thorax, vol. 50, no. 5, pp. 487–489, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. J. M. Grange and F. Festenstein, “The human dimension of tuberculosis control,” Tubercle and Lung Disease, vol. 74, no. 4, pp. 219–222, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. I. Smith, “Tuberculosis control learning games,” Tropical Doctor, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 101–103, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. S. P. Tripathy, “Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis,” World Health, vol. 4, p. 19, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  31. E. Surmatojo, “When Tuberculosis treatment fails: a social behavioural account of patient adherence,” American Review of Respiratory Disease, vol. 147, pp. 1311–1320, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  32. C. M. Bosley, Z. M. Corden, P. J. Rees, and G. M. Cochrane, “Psychological factors associated with use of home nebulized therapy for COPD,” European Respiratory Journal, vol. 9, no. 11, pp. 2346–2350, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. J. Kolbe, “Asthma education, action plans, psychosocial issues and adherence,” Canadian Respiratory Journal, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 273–280, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. A. Bansal, S. Chaudhri, and S. Agnihotri, “Impact of psychiatric morbidity and personality trait on treatment completion and default in patients taking directly observed treatment for tuberculosis,” European Respiratory Society, 2010.
  35. P. Kelly, “Isolation and stigma: the experience of patients with active tuberculosis,” Journal of Community Health Nursing, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 233–241, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. T. R. Ndoro, Attitudes and perceptions towards TB in Grahamstown East in a time of HIV/AIDSA [M.S. thesis of Commerce in Organizational Psychology], 2009.
  37. S. A. Munro, S. A. Lewin, H. J. Smith, M. E. Engel, A. Fretheim, and J. Volmink, “Patient adherence to tuberculosis treatment: a systematic review of qualitative research,” PLoS Medicine, vol. 4, no. 7, pp. 1230–1245, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. P. Naidoo and K. Mwaba, “Helplessness, depression, and social support among people being treated for tuberculosis in South Africa,” Social Behavior and Personality, vol. 38, no. 10, pp. 1323–1334, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. U. Eram, I. A. Khan, Z. Tamanna, Z. Khan, N. Khaliq, and A. J. Abidi, “Patient perception of illness and initial reaction to the diagnosis of tuberculosis,” Indian Journal of Community Medicine, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 2006-07–2006-09, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  40. P. Vega, A. Sweetland, J. Acha et al., “Psychiatric issues in the management of patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis,” International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 749–759, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. G. D. Natani, N. K. Jain, and T. N. Sharma, “Depression in tuberculosis patients: correlation with duration of disease and response to anti-tuberculous chemotherapy,” Indian Journal of Tuberculosis, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 195–198, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. S. L. Panchal, “Correlation with duration and depression in TB patients in rural Jaipur district,” International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences, vol. 2, no. 2, p. B.263, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  43. M. Ota and M. Isshiki, “An outbreak of tuberculosis in a long-term care unit of a mental hospital,” Kekkaku, vol. 79, no. 10, pp. 579–586, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. A. C. Moudgil and D. Pershad, “Psycho-social survey of tuberculosis patients of a sanatorium,” Indian Journal of Tuberculosis, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 34–38, 1972. View at Google Scholar
  45. S. Kuha, P. Moilanen, and R. Kampman, “The effect of social class on psychiatric psychological evaluations in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis,” Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 249–256, 1975. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. L. B. Dubey, “Psycho-social survey of T.B. Patients,” Indian Journal of Tuberculosis, vol. 22, no. 2, p. 83, 1975. View at Google Scholar
  47. J. S. Sachdeva, C. S. Shergill, and B. S. Sidhu, “Prevalence of psychiatric morbidity among medical in-patients,” Indian Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 293–296, 1986. View at Google Scholar
  48. G. P. Maguire, D. L. Julier, and K. E. Hawton, “Psychiatric morbidity and referral on two general medical wards,” British Medical Journal, vol. 1, no. 5902, pp. 268–270, 1974. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. D. R. Purohit, S. D. Purohit, and M. L. Dhariwal, “Incidence of depression in hospitalized T.B. patients,” Indian Journal of Tuberculosis, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 147–151, 1978. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. J. Kishore, V. P. Reddaiah, V. Kapoor, and J. S. Gill, “Characteristics of mental morbidity in a rural primary health centre of Haryana,” Indian Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 137–142, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  51. S. K. Nambi, J. Prasad, D. Singh, V. Abraham, A. Kuruvilla, and K. S. Jacob, “Explanatory models and common mental disorders among patients with unexplained somatic symptoms attending a primary care facility in Tamil Nadu,” National Medical Journal of India, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 331–335, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. G. Amin, S. Shah, and G. K. Vankar, “The prevalence and recognition of depression in primary care,” Indian Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 40, pp. 364–369, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  53. M. Pothen, A. Kuruvilla, K. Philip, A. Joseph, and K. S. Jacob, “Common mental disorders among primary care attenders in vellore, South India: nature, prevalence and risk factors,” International Journal of Social Psychiatry, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 119–125, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. B. S. Yadav, S. C. Jain, and G. Sharma, “Psychiatric morbidity in pulmonary tuberculosis,” Indian Journal of Tuberculosis, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 167–171, 1980. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  55. V. N. Bagadia, K. S. Ayyar, P. D. Lakdawala, S. M. Sheth, V. N. Acharya, and P. V. Pradhan, “Psychiatric morbidity among patients attending medical outpatient department,” Indian Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 139–144, 1986. View at Google Scholar
  56. S. Krishnamurthy, C. Shamasundar, O. M. Prakash, and N. Prabhakar, “Psychiatric morbidity in general practice: a preliminary report,” Indian Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 40–43, 1981. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  57. S. K. Murthy, C. Shamasundar, O. Prakash, and N. Prabhakar, “Psychiatric morbidity in general practice-a preliminary report,” Indian Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 40–43, 1981. View at Google Scholar
  58. A. K. Tandon, S. K. Jain, R. K. Tandon, and R. Asare, “Psychosocial study of tuberculosjs patients,” Indian Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 171–173, 1980. View at Google Scholar
  59. P. J. Mathai, P. Ravindran, P. Joshi, and P. Sundaram, “Psychiatric morbidity in pulmonary tuberculosis—a clinical study,” Indian Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 66–68, 1981. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  60. L. N. Gupta, B. L. Bhatia, and R. C. Godara, “Life events, physical illness and psychiatric morbidity,” Indian Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 338–342, 1981. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  61. M. L. Meghnani, P. D. Motiani, D. R. Purohit, R. D. Singh, and T. N. Sharma, “Depression in hospitalized patients of pulmonary tuberculosis and role of anti depressants—a pilot study,” Lung India, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 22–25, 1988. View at Google Scholar
  62. G. Singh, J. S. Sachdev, and H. Kaur, “Prevalence of depression among medical in-patients,” Indian Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 274–278, 1979. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  63. K. L. Immerman and L. E. Pankratova, “Characteristics of the nature and dynamics of neuropsychic disorders in patients with newly detected pulmonary tuberculosis undergoing intensive chemotherapy,” Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii imeni S.S. Korsakova, vol. 88, no. 6, pp. 109–113, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  64. R. P. Singh et al., “Psychiatric morbidity in pulmonary tuberculosis,” in Proceedings of the 1st Joint Conference on Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases, vol. 37, p. 102, 1989, Indian Journal of Tuberculosis.
  65. M. V. Vinogradov, I. I. Cherkashina, and M. I. Perel'man, “Mental state of patients with restricted forms of pulmonary tuberculosis,” Problemy Tuberkuleza, no. 10, pp. 41–43, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  66. O. A. Abiodun, “A study of mental morbidity among primary care patients in Nigeria,” Comprehensive Psychiatry, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 10–13, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  67. M. T. Fullilove, R. Young, P. G. Panzer, and P. Muskin, “Psychosocial issues in the management of patients with tuberculosis,” The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, vol. 21, no. 3-4, pp. 324–331, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  68. D. P. Goldberg and Y. Lecrubier, “Form and frequency of mental disorders across centres,” in Mental Illness in General Health Care: An International Study, T. B. Üstün and N. Sartorius, Eds., pp. 323–334, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, UK, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  69. P. H. Silverstone, “Prevalence of psychiatric disorders in medical inpatients,” Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, vol. 184, no. 1, pp. 43–51, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  70. S. Chaudhri, S. K. Katiyar, R. P. Singh et al., “Drug default in pulmonary tuberculosis with special reference to psychiatric factors,” Indian Journal of Tuberculosis, vol. 40, no. 3, p. 168, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  71. H. S. Aghanwa and G. E. Erhabor, “Demographic/socioeconomic factors in mental disorders associated with tuberculosis in southwest Nigeria,” Journal of Psychosomatic Research, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 353–360, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  72. M. S. Bhatia, S. K. Bhasin, and K. K. Dubey, “Psychosocial dysfunction in tuberculosis patients,” Indian Journal of Medical Sciences, vol. 54, no. 5, pp. 171–173, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  73. I. O. Aydin and A. Uluşahin, “Depression, anxiety comorbidity, and disability in tuberculosis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients: applicability of GHQ-12,” General Hospital Psychiatry, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 77–83, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  74. E. Manoharam, K. R. John, A. Joseph, and K. S. Jacob, “Psychiatric morbidity, patients' perspectives of illness and factors associated with poor medication compliance among the tuberculous in vellore, south India,” Indian Journal of Tuberculosis, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 77–80, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  75. S. K. Bhasin, A. Mittal, O. P. Aggarwa, and R. K. Chadha, “Illness behavior of tuberculosis patients undergoing dots therapy: a case-control study,” Indian Journal of Tuberculosis, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 81–86, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  76. J. J. Furin, C. D. Mitnick, S. S. Shin et al., “Occurrence of serious adverse effects in patients receiving community-based therapy for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis,” International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 648–655, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  77. M. G. Rogacheva, “Social aspects in tuberculosis among mental patients,” Problemy Tuberkuleza, no. 10, pp. 13–16, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  78. E. N. Lukashova, L. N. Igisheva, and I. F. Kopylova, “Psychological peculiarities in adolescent patients with tuberculosis,” Probl Tuberk, no. 1, pp. 39–41, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  79. L. Yang, D. L. Wu, H. G. Guo, and J. W. Liu, “A study of the psychological and social factors in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis,” Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi, vol. 26, no. 11, pp. 704–707, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  80. E. V. Sukhova, “Behavioral aggression in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis and a way of its correction,” Problemy Tuberkuleza, no. 12, pp. 13–17, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  81. V. M. Sukhov and E. V. Sukhova, “Some specific features of life quality in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis,” Problemy Tuberkuleza, no. 4, pp. 29–30, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  82. S. Aamir and Aisha, “Co-morbid anxiety and depression among pulmonary tuberculosis patients,” Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan, vol. 20, no. 10, pp. 703–704, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  83. T. R. Chandrashekar, P. Denzil, K. Rajendrkuma, A. R. Shantha, R. Hungund Bhagyashri, and V. Joshi Arun, “A study of psychiatric morbidity among patients suffering from pulmonary tuberculosis,” Medico-Legal Update, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 26–29, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  84. P. N. Aniebue, K. O. B. Okonkwo, and P. N. Aniebue, “Prevalence of depressive symptoms amongst pulmonary tuberculosis patients at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu,” Journal of College of Medicine, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 120–124, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  85. I. Y. Gelmanova, S. Keshavjee, V. T. Golubchikova et al., “Barriers to successful tuberculosis treatment in Tomsk, Russian Federation: non-adherence, default and the acquisition of multidrug resistance,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 85, no. 9, pp. 649–732, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  86. G. Moussas, A. Tselebis, A. Karkanias et al., “A comparative study of anxiety and depression in patients with bronchial asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and tuberculosis in a general hospital of chest diseases,” Annals of General Psychiatry, vol. 7, article 7, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  87. N. Chishinga, E. Kinyanda, H. A. Weiss, V. Patel, H. Ayles, and S. Seedat, “Validation of brief screening tools for depressive and alcohol use disorders among TB and HIV patients in primary care in Zambia,” BMC Psychiatry, vol. 11, article 75, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  88. M. O. Husain, S. P. Dearman, I. B. Chaudhry, N. Rizvi, and W. Waheed, “The relationship between anxiety, depression and illness perception in tuberculosis patients in Pakistan,” Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health, vol. 4, article 4, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  89. M. K. Ntarangwi, Prevalence of depression among TB patients attending TB clinic at Mbagathi District hospital Nairobi, Kenya [M.Sc. Clinical Psychology Dissertation], 2008.
  90. B. A. Issa, A. D. Yussuf, and S. I. Kuranga, “Depression comorbidity among patients with tuberculosis in a university teaching hospital outpatient clinic in Nigeria,” Mental Health in Family Medicine, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 133–138, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  91. M. E. Kruijshaar, M. Lipman, M. L. Essink-Bot et al., “Health status of UK patients with active tuberculosis,” International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 296–302, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  92. A. Deribew, M. Tesfaye, Y. Hailmichael et al., “Common mental disorders in TB/HIV co-infected patients in Ethiopia,” BMC Infectious Diseases, vol. 10, article 201, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  93. V. Patel, “Mental health in low- and middle-income countries,” British Medical Bulletin, vol. 81-82, no. 1, pp. 81–96, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  94. M. A. Sulehri, A. DogarI, H. Sohail et al., “Prevalence of depression among tuberculosis patients,” Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom, vol. 4, no. 2, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  95. M. M. Adina, O. L. Necrelescu, and C. Bondor, “Depressive syndrome, anxiety and illness perception in Tuberculosis patients,” in Recent Researches in Modern Medicine, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  96. C. Prakash and S. Sangita, “Study of Psychiatric co-morbidity in cases of tuberculosis patients undergoing treatment,” Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 111–113, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  97. I. O. Mayowa and L. V. Olufolahan, “Prevalence of depression in tuberculosis patients in comparison with non-tuberculosis family contacts visiting the DOTS clinic in a Nigerian tertiary care hospital and its correlation with disease pattern,” Mental Health in Family Medicine, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 235–241, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  98. Tangyu Xiu Lu Jinqing Liangcai Song Lilian Juan, On the psychological problems of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis and Solutions, 2011.
  99. V. Williams and H. Kaur, “The psychosocial problems of pulmonary tuberculosis patients undergoing DOTS therapy (direct observed treatment short course therapy) in selected areas of jalandhar district, punjab,” Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 44–49, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  100. K. Peltzer, J. Louw, G. Mchunu, P. Naidoo, G. Matseke, and B. Tutshana, “Hazardous and harmful alcohol use and associated factors in tuberculosis public primary care patients in South Africa,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 9, no. 9, pp. 3245–3257, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  101. K. Peltzer, P. Naidoo, G. Matseke, J. Louw, G. McHunu, and B. Tutshana, “Prevalence of post-traumatic stress symptoms and associated factors in tuberculosis (TB), TB retreatment and/or TB-HIV co-infected primary public health-care patients in three districts in South Africa,” Psychology Health & Medicine. In press.
  102. G. H. Collins, “Physique, mental illness and pulmonary tuberculosis,” British Medical Journal, vol. 1, no. 4978, p. 1298, 1956. View at Google Scholar
  103. Y. Ohta, Y. Nakane, M. Mine et al., “The epidemiological study of physical morbidity in schizophrenics. 2. Association between schizophrenia and incidence of tuberculosis,” Japanese Journal of Psychiatry and Neurology, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 41–47, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  104. M. Sanchez, T. Nicholls, and G. Currier, “Risk factors for tuberculosis in the psychiatric emergency department,” Emergency Psychiatry, vol. 4, pp. 33–34, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  105. N. Sánchez-Mora, O. Medina, B. Francisconi et al., “Risk factors for respiratory disease in chronic psychiatric in patients,” European Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 212–219, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  106. W. F. Pirl, J. A. Greer, C. Weissgarber, G. Liverant, and S. A. Safren, “Screening for infectious diseases among patients in a state psychiatric hospital,” Psychiatric Services, vol. 56, no. 12, pp. 1614–1616, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  107. S. H. Hashemi, M. Mamani, S. Jamal-Omidi, A. Ghaleiha, and F. Keramat, “Screening for tuberculosis among patients with chronic psychiatric disorders in Hamedan,” Iranian Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 31–34, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  108. J. S. Cavanaugh, K. Powell, O. J. Renwick et al., “An outbreak of tuberculosis among adults with mental illness,” The American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 169, pp. 569–575, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  109. R. Rajeswari, M. Muniyandi, P. Balasubramanian, and P. R. Narayanan, “Perceptions of tuberculosis patients about their physical, mental and social well-being: a field report from south India,” Social Science and Medicine, vol. 60, no. 8, pp. 1845–1853, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  110. K. Jaggarajamma, R. Ramachandran, N. Charles, V. Chandrasekaran, M. Muniyandi, and S. Ganapathy, “Psycho-social dysfunction: perceived and enacted stigma among tuberculosis patients registered under revised national tuberculosis control programme,” The Indian Journal of Tuberculosis, vol. 55, no. 4, pp. 179–187, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  111. A. Courtwright and A. N. Turner, “Tuberculosis and stigmatization: pathways and interventions,” Public Health Reports, vol. 125, supplement 4, pp. 34–42, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  112. M. E. Edginton, C. S. Sekatane, and S. J. Goldstein, “Patients' beliefs: do they affect tuberculosis control? A study in a rural district of South Africa,” International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, vol. 6, no. 12, pp. 1075–1082, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  113. N. Gibson, A. Cave, D. Doering, L. Ortiz, and P. Harms, “Socio-cultural factors influencing prevention and treatment of tuberculosis in immigrant and Aboriginal communities in Canada,” Social Science and Medicine, vol. 61, no. 5, pp. 931–942, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  114. M. E. P. Seligman, Helplessness: On Depression, Development, and Death, W. H. Freeman, San Francisco, Calif, USA, 1975.
  115. C. A. Marra, F. Marra, V. C. Cox, A. Palepu, and J. M. Fitzgerald, “Factors influencing quality of life in patients with active tuberculosis,” Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, vol. 2, article 58, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  116. W. S. Weidorn and F. Ervin, “Schizophrenic-like psychotic reaction with administration of isoniazid,” Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry, vol. 72, p. 321, 1954. View at Google Scholar
  117. W. C. Lewis, G. Calden, J. R. Thurston, and W. E. Gilson, “Psychiatric and neurological reaction to cycloserine in the treatment of tuberculosis,” Dis Chest, vol. 32, pp. 172–182, 1957. View at Google Scholar
  118. J. B. Silva Jr., “Tuberculose: guia de vigilância epidemiológica,” The Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia, vol. 30, supplement 1, pp. S57–S86, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  119. M. A. Arbex, M. C. L. Varella, H. R. de Siqueira, and F. A. F. de Mello, “Antituberculosis drugs: drug interactions, adverse effects, and use in special situations. Part 1: first-line drugs,” Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia, vol. 36, no. 5, pp. 626–640, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  120. C. E. Prasad, K. Krishnamurthy, and K. J. R. Murthy, “Psychiatric disorders in patients receiving anti-tuberculosis drugs,” Indian Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 311–314, 1985. View at Google Scholar
  121. P. K. Gupta, K. S. Sharma, N. K. Jain, B. B. Mathur, M. L. Gupta, and A. S. Rajpal, “INH-induced toxic psychosis. A report of eight cases,” Indian Journal of Tuberculosis, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 212–215, 1981. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  122. W. S. Weidorn and F. Erwin, “Schizophrenic-like psychotic reactions with adminitration of isoniazid,” Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry, vol. 72, no. 3, pp. 321–324, 1954. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  123. R. Prasad, R. Garg, and S. K. Verma, “Isoniazid- and ethambutol-induced psychosis,” Annals of Thoracic Medicine, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 149–151, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  124. M. C. Agarwala, H. M. Kansal, and R. K. Gupta, “Toxic psychosis due to isoniazid,” Indian Journal of Tuberculosis, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 119–120, 1975. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  125. R. S. Bedi, “Isoniazid induced pyrexia and psychosis in a single individual,” Indian Journal of Tuberculosis, vol. 41, pp. 269–270, 1994. View at Google Scholar
  126. V. K. Tiwari and S. M. Verma, “Homicide by a tuberculous prisoner possibly having drug induced acute delusional psychosis,” Indian Journal of Tuberculosis, vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 95–96, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  127. S. J. Martin and F. J. Bowden, “Ethambutol toxicity manifesting as acute onset psychosis,” International Journal of STD and AIDS, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 287–288, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  128. C. W. Hsu, K. A. Chu, T. Lu, R. S. Lai, and J. Y. Lu, “Ethambutol-induced psychosis: a case report,” Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi, vol. 62, pp. 724–727, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  129. M. R. Holdiness, “Neurological manifestations and toxicities of the antituberculosis drugs. A review,” Medical Toxicology and Adverse Drug Experience, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 33–51, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  130. C. Bonilla, P. G. Portocarrero, P. G. Suárez et al., “Reacciones adversas a fármacos antituberculosos (RAFA) en tratamientos directamente observados (DOTS), Peru 1991–1999,” in Tuberculosis en el Perú: Informe, pp. 99–106, Ministerio de Salud del Perú, Lima, Peru, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  131. K. A. Pallone, M. P. Goldman, and M. A. Fuller, “Isoniazid-associated psychoses: case report and review of the literature,” The Annals of Pharmacotherapy, vol. 27, pp. 167–169, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  132. J. A. Bourgeois, M. Zelenko, and B. S. Waraich, “Psychotic disorder associated with isoniazid,” Military Medicine, vol. 161, no. 11, p. 707, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  133. B. E. Gülbay, Ö. U. Gürkan, Ö. A. Yıldız et al., “Side effects due to primary antituberculosis drugs during the initial phase of therapy in 1149 hospitalized patients for tuberculosis,” Respiratory Medicine, vol. 100, no. 10, pp. 1834–1842, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  134. Z. Y. Ibrahim and J. J. Menke, “Comment: isoniazid-induced psychosis,” The Annals of Pharmacotherapy, vol. 28, no. 11, p. 1311, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  135. R. K. Narang, “Acute psychotic reaction probably caused by ethionamide,” Tubercle, vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 137–138, 1972. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  136. R. W. Pickles and D. W. Spelman, “Suspected ethambutol-induced mania,” Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 164, pp. 445–446, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  137. J. P. Mulhall and L. S. Bergmann, “Ciprofloxacin-induced acute psychosis,” Urology, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 102–103, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  138. M. Zaudig, M. von Bose, M. M. Weber, D. Bremer, and W. Zieglgansberger, “Psychotoxic effects of ofloxacin,” Pharmacopsychiatry, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 11–15, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  139. P. Schacht, G. Arcieri, J. Branolte et al., “Worldwide clinical data on efficacy and safety of ciprofloxacin,” Infection, vol. 16, supplement 1, pp. S29–S43, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  140. E. A. LaSalvia, G. J. Domek, and D. F. Gitlin, “Fluoroquinolone-induced suicidal ideation,” General Hospital Psychiatry, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 108–110, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  141. M. Hollweg, H. P. Kapfhammer, M. Krupinski, and H. J. Möller, “Psychopathologic syndromes during treatment with gyrase inhibitors,” Nervenarzt, vol. 68, no. 1, pp. 38–47, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  142. N. Riska, “Tolerance to cycloserine,” Scandinavian Journal of Respiratory Diseases, vol. 71, pp. 209–216, 1970. View at Google Scholar
  143. C. Stephanopoulos and H. Zoumbouloglou, “Clinical tolerance to cycloserine,” Scandinavian Journal of Respiratory Diseases, vol. 71, pp. 235–238, 1970. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  144. E. Dissmann, “Experience with cycloserine,” Scandinavian Journal of Respiratory Diseases, vol. 71, pp. 239–243, 1970. View at Google Scholar
  145. N. Bethlem, “Results of treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis with cycloserine in association with other drugs,” Scandinavian Journal of Respiratory Diseases, vol. 71, pp. 244–249, 1970. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  146. B. Helmy, “Side effects of cycloserine,” Scandinavian Journal of Respiratory Diseases, vol. 71, pp. 220–225, 1970. View at Google Scholar
  147. M. Pasargiklian and L. Biondi, “Neurologic and behavioral reactions of tuberculosis patients treated with cycloserine,” Scandinavian Journal of Respiratory Diseases, vol. 71, pp. 201–208, 1970. View at Google Scholar
  148. J. M. Leston, J. C. Rey, L. J. Gonzalez Montaner, A. Grondona, and P. N. Zavalla, “Psychosomatic reactions to cycloserine in the treatment of tuberculosis,” Scandinavian Journal of Respiratory Diseases, vol. 71, pp. 231–234, 1970. View at Google Scholar
  149. M. E. Evans and K. J. Kortas, “Potential interaction between isoniazid and selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors,” American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy, vol. 52, no. 19, pp. 2135–2136, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  150. P. Malek-Ahmadi, M. Chavez, and S. A. Contreras, “Coadministration of isoniazid and antidepressant drugs,” Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, vol. 57, no. 11, p. 550, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  151. I. H. Stockley, “Lack of clinical evidence for potential interaction between isoniazid and selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors,” American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy, vol. 53, no. 18, p. 2217, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  152. T. H. Self, C. R. Chrisman, A. M. Baciewicz, and M. S. Bronze, “Isoniazid drug and food interactions,” American Journal of the Medical Sciences, vol. 317, no. 5, pp. 304–311, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  153. C. K. Smith and D. T. Durack, “Isoniazid and reaction to cheese,” Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 88, pp. 520–521, 1978. View at Google Scholar
  154. Z. Desta, N. V. Soukhova, and D. A. Flockhart, “Inhibition of cytochrome P450 (CYP450) isoforms by isoniazid: potent inhibition of CYP2C19 and CYP3A,” Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 382–392, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  155. S. H. Sindrup, K. Brosen, M. G. J. Hansen, T. Aaes-Jorgensen, K. F. Overo, and L. F. Gram, “Pharmacokinetics of citalopram in relation to the sparteine and the mephenytoin oxidation polymorphisms,” Therapeutic Drug Monitoring, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 11–17, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  156. K. Kobayashi, K. Chiba, T. Yagi et al., “Identification of cytochrome P450 isoforms involved in citalopram N-desmethylation by human liver microsomes,” Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, vol. 280, pp. 927–933, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  157. L. F. Gram, M. G. J. Hansen, S. H. Sindrup et al., “Citalopram: interaction studies with levopromazine, imipramine, and lithium,” Therapeutic Drug Monitoring, vol. 15, pp. 18–24, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  158. S. H. Preskorn, “Clinically relevant pharmacology of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors: an overview with emphasis on pharmacokinetics and effects on oxidative drug metabolism,” Clinical Pharmacokinetics, vol. 32, supplement 1, pp. 1–21, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  159. S. Caccia, “Metabolism of the newer antidepressants: an overview of the pharmacological and pharmacokinetic implications,” Clinical Pharmacokinetics, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 281–302, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  160. C. Hiemke and S. Härtter, “Pharmacokinetics of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors,” Pharmacology and Therapeutics, vol. 85, no. 1, pp. 11–28, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  161. J. E. Oeltmann, J. S. Kammerer, E. S. Pevzner, and P. K. Moonan, “Tuberculosis and substance abuse in the United States, 1997-2006,” Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 169, no. 2, pp. 189–197, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  162. B. L. Fife and E. R. Wright, “Managing HIV stigma,” Social Science and Medicine, vol. 54, pp. 1093–1110, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  163. I. T. O. Kunihiko, T. Yoshiyama, Y. Nagata, N. Kobayashi, S. Kato, and N. Ishikawa, “What is needed to prevent defaulting from tuberculosis treatment?” Kekkaku, vol. 83, no. 9, pp. 621–628, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  164. H. M. Blumberg, W. J. Burman, R. E. Chaisson et al., “American Thoracic Society/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/Infectious Diseases Society of America: treatment of tuberculosis,” American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, vol. 167, no. 4, pp. 603–662, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  165. J. M. Bebchuk and D. E. Stewart, “Drug interaction between rifampin and nortriptyline: a case report,” International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 183–187, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  166. A. Pablos-Méndez, C. A. Knirsch, R. G. Barr, B. H. Lerner, and T. R. Frieden, “Nonadherence in tuberculosis treatment: predictors and consequences in New York City,” American Journal of Medicine, vol. 102, no. 2, pp. 164–170, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  167. T. Oscherwitz, J. P. Tulsky, S. Roger et al., “Detention of persistently nonadherent patients with tuberculosis,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 278, no. 10, pp. 843–846, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  168. W. J. Burman, D. L. Cohn, C. A. Rietmeijer, F. N. Judson, J. A. Sbarbaro, and R. R. Reves, “Noncompliance with directly observed therapy for tuberculosis: epidemiology and effect on the outcome of treatment,” Chest, vol. 111, no. 5, pp. 1168–1173, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  169. G. E. Erhabor, H. S. Aghanwa, M. Yusuph, R. A. Adebayo, F. A. Arogundade, and A. Omidiora, “Factors influencing compliance in patients with tuberculosis on directly observed therapy at Ile-Ife, Nigeria,” East African Medical Journal, vol. 77, no. 5, pp. 235–239, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  170. C. P. Felton, Adherence to Treatment for Latent Tuberculosis Infection: A Manual For Health Care Providers, National Tuberculosis Center, 2005.
  171. M. Lavigne, I. Rocher, C. Steensma, and P. Brassard, “The impact of smoking on adherence to treatment for latent tuberculosis infection,” BMC Public Health, vol. 6, article 66, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  172. P. Naidoo, J. Dick, and D. Cooper, “Exploring tuberculosis patients' adherence to treatment regimens and prevention programs at a public health site,” Qualitative Health Research, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 55–70, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  173. G. Norgbe, “Factors responsible for the high default rate of tuberculosis patients participating in direct observed treatment short course,” 2008.
  174. M. E. Kruk, N. R. Schwalbe, and C. A. Aguiar, “Timing of default from tuberculosis treatment: a systematic review,” Tropical Medicine and International Health, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 703–712, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  175. Z. Matebesi and C. Timmerman, “The TB patient: qualitative evidence of perceived factors affecting treatment compliance,” Joint research project on tuberculosis control in the Free State, South Africa: From infection to cure.
  176. S. Bagchi, G. Ambe, and N. Sathiakumar, “Determinants of poor adherence to anti-tuberculosis treatment in Mumbai, India,” International Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 223–232, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  177. D. Kizub, I. Ghali, R. Sabouni et al., “Qualitative study of perceived causes of tuberculosis treatment default among health care workers in Morocco,” The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, vol. 16, no. 9, pp. 1214–1220, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  178. X. Yin, X. Tu, Y. Tong et al., “Development and validation of a tuberculosis medication adherence scale,” PLoS One, vol. 7, no. 12, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  179. A. B. Bloch, “Screening for tuberculosis and tuberculosis infection in high-risk populations. Recommendations of the advisory council for the elimination of tuberculosis,” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, vol. 44, no. 11, pp. 18–34, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  180. K. Eisenstaedt, “Phthisis through the eyes of history,” Indian Medical Record, vol. 64, p. 138, 1944. View at Google Scholar
  181. L. F. Flick, Development of Our Knowledge of Tuberculosis, Wickersham Printing, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 1925.
  182. B. R. Merrill, “Some psychosomatic aspects of pulmonary tuberculosis. A review of the English language literature,” Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, vol. 117, no. 1, pp. 9–28, 1953. View at Google Scholar
  183. T. S. Clouston, “Tuberculosis and insanity,” The British Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 9, pp. 36–65, 1863. View at Google Scholar
  184. J. Katz, R. E. Plunkett, and M. E. Thompson, “Prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis in New York State institutions for the mentally ill,” The Psychiatric Quarterly, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 644–656, 1945. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  185. J. K. Deegan, J. E. Culp, and F. Beck, “Epidemiology of tuberculosis in a mental hospital,” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 345–351, 1942. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  186. A. M. Muhl, “Fundamental personality trends in tuberculous women,” Psychoanalytical, vol. 10, pp. 380–430, 1923. View at Google Scholar
  187. E. A. Strecker, F. J. Braceland, and B. Gordon, “Mental attitudes of tuberculous patients,” Merit Hygiene, vol. 22, p. 529, 1938. View at Google Scholar
  188. K. Brodman, B. Mittelmann, D. Wechsler, A. Weider, H. G. Wolff, and M. D. Meixner, “The incidence of personality disturbances and their relation to age, rank and duration of hospitalization in patients with medical and surgical disorders in a military hospital,” Psychosomatic Medicine, vol. 9, pp. 45–49, 1947. View at Google Scholar
  189. B. Berle, “Emotional factors and tuberculosis. A critical review of the literature,” Psychosomatic Medicine, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 366–373, 1948. View at Google Scholar
  190. G. Day, “Observations on the psychology of the tuberculous,” The Lancet, vol. 248, no. 6429, pp. 703–706, 1946. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  191. M. J. Breuer, “The psychic element in the etiology of tuberculosis,” The American Review of Tuberculosis, vol. 31, p. 233, 1935. View at Google Scholar
  192. A. M. Forster and C. E. Shepard, “Abnormal mental states in tuberculosis,” The American Review of Tuberculosis, vol. 25, p. 324, 1932. View at Google Scholar
  193. I. D. Bobrowitz, “Why they leave against advice,” Modern Hospital, vol. 67, p. 65, 1946, Bulletin of the National Tuberculosis Association, vol. 32, p. 151, 1946. View at Google Scholar
  194. B. L. Ashmore and F. G. Bell, “Neuropsychiatric concomitants of tuberculosis,” Medical Bulletin. United States. Veterans Administration, vol. 20, p. 190, 1943-1944. View at Google Scholar
  195. S. E. Jelliffe and E. Evans, “Psychotherapy and tuberculosis,” The American Review of Tuberculosis, vol. 3, p. 417, 1919. View at Google Scholar
  196. E. Wittkower and G. S. Todd, “The psychological aspects of sanatorium management,” The Lancet, vol. 251, no. 6489, pp. 49–53, 1948. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  197. J. Hartz, “Tuberculosis and personality conflicts,” Psychosomatic Medicine, vol. 6, pp. 17–22, 1944. View at Google Scholar
  198. K. Fantl, “Psychiatry and tuberculosis,” California Medicine, vol. 73, no. 6, pp. 538–540, 1950. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  199. M. de Hert, C. U. Correll, J. Bobes et al., “Physical illness in patients with severe mental disorders. I. Prevalence, impact of medications and disparities in health care,” World Psychiatry, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 52–77, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  200. N. Sartorius, “Physical illness in people with mental disorders,” World Psychiatry, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 3–4, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  201. F. Alexander, T. M. French, and G. E. Pollock, Psychosomatic Specificity Vol. 1. Experimental Studies and Results, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Ill, USA, 1968.
  202. P. M. Shyangwa, D. Joshi, S. Sherchan, and K. B. Thapa, “Psychiatric morbidity among physically ill persons in eastern Nepal,” Nepal Medical College Journal, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 118–122, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  203. WHO, “Mental health, new understanding, new hope,” The World Health Report, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland, 2001, http://www.who.int/whr/2001/en/. View at Google Scholar
  204. M. Prince, V. Patel, S. Saxena et al., “No health without mental health,” The Lancet, vol. 370, no. 9590, pp. 859–877, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  205. E. H. Cassem, “Depression and anxiety secondary to medical illness,” Psychiatric Clinics of North America, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 597–612, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  206. N. H. Cassem and J. G. Bernstein, “Depressed patients,” in Massachusetts General Hospital Handbook of General Hospital Psychiatry, T. A. Stern, G. L. Fricchione, W. H. Cassen, M. S. Jellinek, and J. F. Rosenbanm, Eds., pp. 25–68, Mosby; Elsevier, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 5th edition, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  207. E. Lykouras, H. Ioannidis, and A. Voulgaris, “Depression in general hospital patients: preliminary results,” Archives of Hellenic Medicine, vol. 4, pp. 287–289, 1987. View at Google Scholar
  208. S. Giannitsi and A. Liakos, “Preliminary observations after implementation of two years of liaison psychiatry service in a general hospital,” Encephalopathy, vol. 22, p. 138, 1985. View at Google Scholar
  209. L. C. Campbell, D. J. Clauw, and F. J. Keefe, “Persistent pain and depression: a biopsychosocial perspective,” Biological Psychiatry, vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 399–409, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  210. M. E. Kunik, K. Roundy, C. Veazey et al., “Surprisingly high prevalence of anxiety and depression in chronic breathing disorders,” Chest, vol. 127, no. 4, pp. 1205–1211, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  211. K. Slama, C. Y. Chiang, D. A. Enarson et al., “Tobacco and tuberculosis: a qualitative systematic review and meta-analysis,” International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, vol. 11, no. 10, pp. 1049–1061, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  212. J. Berg, A. Nyamathi, A. Christiani, D. Morisky, and B. Leake, “Predictors of screening results for depressive symptoms among homeless adults in Los Angeles with latent tuberculosis,” Research in Nursing and Health, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 220–229, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  213. T. H. Holmes, N. G. Hawkins, C. E. Bowerman, E. R. Clarke, and J. R. Joffe, “Psychosocial and psychophysiologic studies of tuberculosis,” Psychosomatic Medicine, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 134–143, 1957. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  214. I. H. AmyBender, I. Hyman, and S. Guruge, “Exploring tuberculosis, mental health, and immigrant health through a syndemic approach,” CERIS Final Report, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  215. A. Jain and P. Dixit, “Multidrug resistant to extensively drug resistant tuberculosis: what is next?” Journal of Biosciences, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 605–616, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  216. M. Vanderpool, “Resilience: a missing link in our understanding of survival,” Harvard Review of Psychiatry, vol. 10, pp. 302–306, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  217. I. O. Aydin and A. Uluşahin, “Depression, anxiety comorbidity, and disability in TB and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients: applicability of GHQ-12,” General Hospital Psychiatry, vol. 23, pp. 77–83, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  218. L. P. Varma, “Depression in pulmonary tuberculosis,” Journal of Clinical Psychology, vol. 2, p. 49, 1974. View at Google Scholar
  219. C. de la Rey, N. Duncan, and L. Swartz, Psychology Introduction, Oxford University, Cape Town, South Africa, 2006.
  220. L. Kelly-Rossini, “The experience of respiratory isolation for HIV-infected persons with tuberculosis,” Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 29–36, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  221. E. Slater and M. Roth, Clinical Psychiatry, Bailliere Tindall & Cassell, London, UK, 3rd edition, 1974.
  222. D. V. Jeste, J. A. Gladsjo, L. A. Lindamer, and J. P. Lacro, “Medical comorbidity in schizophrenia,” Schizophrenia Bulletin, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 413–430, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  223. L. Kant and D. R. Nagpaul, “Psychiatric disorders and illness perceptions in tuberculosis,” The Indian Journal of Tuberculosis, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 55–56, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  224. S. Morankar and D. Desmuckh, Social Stigma and Tuberculosis: Societal Response, Centre for Research and Development (CHRD) Maharastra Association of Anthropological Sciences (MAAS), Maharastra, India, 2001.
  225. N. H. Long, E. Johansson, V. K. Diwan, and A. Winkvist, “Fear and social isolation as consequences of tuberculosis in Vietnam: a gender analysis,” Health Policy, vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 69–81, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  226. S. D. Lawn, “Tuberculosis in Ghana: social stigma and compliance with treatment,” International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, vol. 4, no. 12, pp. 1190–1191, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  227. J. M. Schulte, “Latent tuberculosis in children,” International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, vol. 84, pp. 196–201, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  228. R. L. Rosenfield, “Infectious disease in clinical practice,” Social Science and Medicine, vol. 41, pp. 678–698, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  229. “Psychological Effects of Tuberculosis,” Disease Ecology, 2011, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1520764/pdf/califmed.
  230. Y. Y. Xia, D. Y. Hu, F. Y. Liu et al., “Design of the anti-tuberculosis drugs induced adverse reactions in China national tuberculosis prevention and control scheme study (ADACS),” BMC Public Health, vol. 10, article 267, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  231. R. Shakya, B. S. Rao, and B. Shrestha, “Incidence of hepatotoxicity due to antitubercular medicines and assessment of risk factors,” Annals of Pharmacotherapy, vol. 38, no. 6, pp. 1074–1079, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  232. A. Fernández-Villar, B. Sopeña, J. Fernández-Villar et al., “The influence of risk factors on the severity of anti-tuberculosis drug-induced hepatotoxicity,” International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, vol. 8, no. 12, pp. 1499–1505, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  233. J. R. Ungo, D. Jones, D. Ashkin et al., “Antituberculosis drug-inducted hepatotoxicity: the role of hepatitis C virus and the human immunodeficiency virus,” American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, vol. 15, no. 7, pp. 1871–1876, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  234. F. Sun, Y. Chen, Y. Xiang, and S. Zhan, “Drug-metabolising enzyme polymorphisms and predisposition to anti-tuberculosis drug-induced liver injury: a meta-analysis,” International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, vol. 12, no. 9, pp. 994–1002, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  235. W. Gnam, A. Flint, and D. Goldbloom, “Isoniazid-induced hallucinosis: response to pyridoxine,” Psychosomatics, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 537–539, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  236. A. O. Alao and J. C. Yolles, “Isoniazid-induced psychosis,” Annals of Pharmacotherapy, vol. 32, no. 9, pp. 889–891, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  237. J. Simeon, M. Fink, T. M. Itil, and D. Ponce, “d-Cycloserine therapy of psychosis by symptom provocation,” Comprehensive Psychiatry, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 80–88, 1970. View at Google Scholar
  238. F. S. Lansdown, M. Beran, and T. Litwak, “Psychotoxic reaction during ethionamide therapy,” American Review of Respiratory Disease, vol. 95, no. 6, pp. 1053–1055, 1967. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  239. W. C. Lewis, G. Calden, J. R. Thurston, and W. E. Gilson, “Psychiatric and neurological reaction to cycloserine in the treatment of tuberculosis,” Dis Chest, vol. 32, pp. 172–182, 1957. View at Google Scholar
  240. M. Pasargiklian and L. Biondi, “Neurologic and behavioural reactions of tuberculous patients treated with cycloserine,” Scandinavian Journal of Respiratory Diseases, vol. 71, pp. 201–208, 1970. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  241. G. Thwaites, M. Fisher, C. Hemingway, G. Scott, T. Solomon, and J. Innes, “British Infection Society guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis of the central nervous system in adults and children,” Journal of Infection, vol. 59, no. 3, pp. 167–187, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  242. L. Suryananarayan, R. Rajalakshmi, M. V. Jaigopal, and S. G. Radhakrishna, “Performance of national tuberculosis programme during 1996—a report,” Indian Journal of Tuberculosis, vol. 46, pp. 11–20, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  243. W. D. Cuneo and D. E. Snider, “Enhancing patient compliance with tuberculosis therapy,” Clinics in Chest Medicine, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 375–380, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  244. J. Johnson, A. Kagal, and R. Bharadwaj, “Factors associated with drug resistance in pulmonary tuberculosis,” The Indian Journal of Chest Diseases & Allied Sciences, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 105–109, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  245. E. C. Duarte, A. L. Bierrenbach, J. B. da Silva, P. L. Tauil, and E. De Fátima Duarte, “Factors associated with deaths among pulmonary tuberculosis patients: a case control study with secondary data,” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, vol. 63, no. 3, pp. 233–238, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  246. A. Kochi, “Tuberculosis control—is dots the health breakthrough of the 1990s?” World Health Forum, vol. 18, no. 3-4, pp. 225–243, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  247. T. S. Moulding, “Medication monitors to treat tuberculosis: a supplement to directly observed therapy,” American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, vol. 159, no. 3, pp. 989–991, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  248. C. L. Fallab-Stubi, J. P. Zellweger, A. Sauty, C. Uldry, D. Iorillo, and M. Burnier, “Electronic monitoring of adherence to treatment in the preventive chemotherapy of tuberculosis,” International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, vol. 2, no. 7, pp. 525–530, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  249. M. R. Gasner, K. L. Maw, G. E. Feldman, P. I. Fujiwara, and T. R. Frieden, “The use of legal action in New York City to ensure treatment of tuberculosis,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 340, no. 5, pp. 359–366, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  250. J. R. Cowen and L. O. Gostin, “Controlling the tuberculosis epidemic: the analogy with mental illness,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 270, no. 7, p. 832, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  251. “Global tuberculosis control: surveillance, planning, financing,” WHO Report WHO/HTM/TB/2006.362, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland, 2006.
  252. C. P. Chaulk and V. A. Kazandjian, “Directly observed therapy for treatment completion of pulmonary tuberculosis: consensus statement of the public health tuberculosis guidelines panel,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 279, no. 12, pp. 943–948, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  253. E. Vermeire, H. Hearnshaw, P. van Royen, and J. Denekens, “Patient adherence to treatment: three decades of research. A comprehensive review,” Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 331–342, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  254. T. R. Friedena and J. A. Sbarbarob, “Promoting adherence to treatment for tuberculosis: the importance of direct observation,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 85, no. 5, pp. 407–409, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  255. J. Volmink and P. Garner, “Directly observed therapy for treating tuberculosis,” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, no. 2, Article ID CD003343, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  256. K. C. Chang, C. C. Leung, and C. M. Tam, “Risk factors for defaulting from anti-tuberculosis treatment under directly observed treatment in Hong Kong,” International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, vol. 8, no. 12, pp. 1492–1498, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  257. T. M. Comolet, R. Rakotomalala, and H. Rajaonarioa, “Factors determining compliance with tuberculosis treatment in an urban environment, Tamatave, Madagascar,” International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, vol. 2, no. 11, pp. 891–897, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  258. R. Menzies, I. Rocher, and B. Vissandjee, “Factors associated with compliance in treatment of tuberculosis,” Tubercle and Lung Disease, vol. 74, no. 1, pp. 32–37, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  259. E. Johanson, V. K. Piwan, N. D. Huong, and B. M. Ahlberg, “Staff and patient attitudes to tuberculosis and compliance with treatment,” Tubercle and Lung Disease, vol. 77, pp. 178–183, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  260. J. Dick and J. H. Schoeman, “Tuberculosis in the community: 2. The perceptions of members of a tuberculosis health team towards a voluntary health worker programme,” Tubercle and Lung Disease, vol. 77, no. 4, pp. 380–383, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  261. A. J. Rubel and L. C. Garro, “Social and cultural factors in the successful control of tuberculosis,” Public Health Reports, vol. 107, no. 6, pp. 626–635, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  262. S. A. Erika, J. P. Kircht, and M. H. Becker, “Understanding and improving patient compliance,” Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 100, pp. 258–268, 1984. View at Google Scholar
  263. R. Horne and J. Weinman, “Patients' beliefs about prescribed medicines and their role in adherence to treatment in chronic physical illness,” Journal of Psychosomatic Research, vol. 47, no. 6, pp. 555–567, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  264. P. Farmer, S. Robin, S. L. Ramilus, and J.Y. Kim, “Tuberculosis, poverty, and “compliance”: lessons from rural Haiti,” Seminars in Respiratory Infections, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 254–260, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  265. K. Chani, “Factors affecting compliance to tuberculosis treatment in Andara Kavango region Namibia,” 2010.
  266. C. K. Liam, K. H. Lim, C. M. M. Wong, and B. G. Tang, “Attitudes and knowledge of newly diagnosed tuberculosis patients regarding the disease, and factors affecting treatment compliance,” International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 300–309, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  267. R. A. Sansone, Sansone, and LA, “Alcohol/ substance misuse and treatment: fatal attraction,” Psychiatry, vol. 5, no. 9, pp. 43–46, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  268. D. Armstrong, “From clinical gaze to regime of total health,” in Working for Health, T. Heller, R. Muston, M. Sidell, and C. Lloyd, Eds., pp. 16–27, Sage, London, UK, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  269. A. Jaiswal, V. Singh, J. A. Ogden et al., “Adherence to tuberculosis treatment: lessons from the urban setting of Delhi, India,” Tropical Medicine and International Health, vol. 8, no. 7, pp. 625–633, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  270. A. l. Muñoz Sanches and M. R. Bertolozzi, “Pode o conceito de vulnerabilidade apoiar a construção do conhecimento em Saúde Coletiva?” Ciência & Saúde Coletiva, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 319–324, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  271. A. I. M. Sanchez and M. R. Bertolozzi, “Beyond dots (directly observed treatment short-course) in tuberculosis' control: interfacing and sharing needs,” Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 689–694, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  272. R. S. Fry, K. Khoshnood, E. Vdovichenko et al., “Barriers to completion of tuberculosis treatment among prisoners and former prisoners in St Petersburg, Russia,” International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, vol. 9, no. 9, pp. 1027–1033, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  273. J. Acha, A. Sweetland, D. Guerra, K. Chalco, H. Castillo, and E. Palacios, “Psychosocial support groups for patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis: five years of experience,” Global Public Health, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 404–417, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  274. J. Macqa, A. Solisb, and G. Martinezb, “Assessing the stigma of tuberculosis,” Psychology, Health & Medicine, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 346–352, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  275. A. D. Jiminez, “Playing the blame game: casting guilt and avoiding stigma during a tuberculosis health crisis,” International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, vol. 23, no. 6-7, pp. 80–113, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  276. A. K. Janmeja, S. K. Das, R. Bhargava, and B. S. Chavan, “Psychotherapy improves compliance with tuberculosis treatment,” Respiration, vol. 72, no. 4, pp. 375–380, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  277. E. S. Pevzner, S. Robison, J. Donovan et al., “Tuberculosis transmission and use of methamphetamines in Snohomish County, WA, 1991–2006,” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 100, no. 12, pp. 2481–2486, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  278. S. F. Greenfield, A. Shields, H. S. Connery et al., “Integrated management of physician-delivered alcohol care for tuberculosis patients: design and implementation,” Alcoholism, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 317–330, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  279. Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme DOTS-Plus Guidelines, Central TB Division, Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare Nirman Bhavan, New Delhi, India, 2010.
  280. S. P. Dearman, W. Waheed, Whitehead, and C. Dickens, “Role of depression and illness perception in poor compliance in Tuberculosis.,” in Proceedings of the European Association for Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry and Psychosomatics (Conference Abstracts), Berlin, Germany, 2004.
  281. V. Patel, R. Araya, and P. Bolton, “Treating depression in the developing world,” Tropical Medicine and International Health, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 539–541, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  282. N. N. Hansel, A. W. Wu, B. Chang, and G. B. Diette, “Quality of life in tuberculosis: patient and provider perspectives,” Quality of Life Research, vol. 13, pp. 639–652, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  283. WHO, Adherence to Long Term Therapies: Evidence for Action, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2003, http://www.who.int/chp/knowledge/publications/adherence_full_report.pdf.
  284. F. Barnhoorn and H. Adriaanse, “In search of factors responsible for noncompliance among tuberculosis patients in Wardha District, India,” Social Science and Medicine, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 291–306, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  285. J. I. Mata, “Integrating the client's perspective in planning a tuberculosis education and treatment program in Honduras,” Medical Anthropology, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 57–64, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  286. S. A. Lewin, Z. C. Skea, V. Entwistle, M. Zwarenstein, and J. Dick, “Interventions for providers to promote a patient-centred approach in clinical consultations,” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, no. 4, Article ID CD003267, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  287. P. Garner, H. Smith, S. Munro, and J. Volminkc, “Promoting adherence to tuberculosis treatment,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 85, no. 5, pp. 404–406, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  288. H. C. Wichowski and S. M. Kubsch, “The relationship of self-perception of illness and compliance with health care regimens,” Journal of Advanced Nursing, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 548–553, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  289. D. S. Robinson, W. Lovenberg, H. Keiser, and A. Sjoerdsma, “Effects of drugs on human blood platelet and plasma amine oxidase activity in vitro and in vivo,” Biochemical Pharmacology, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 109–119, 1968. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus