Tuberculosis Research and Treatment / 2014 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Source Case Investigation for Children with TB Disease in Pune, India

Table 1

Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of pediatric index cases.

Characteristic Total enrollees
()
Cases with known
household TB contacts ()
Cases without known household TB contacts () value

Personal information
Gender0.41
 Male29 (58%)10 (67%)19 (54%)
 Female21 (42%)5 (33%)16 (46%)
Median age, months (IQR)27 (18–38)27 (18–45)28 (18–48)0.89
Daily contact with people outside home36 (72%)10 (67%)26 (74%)0.73
 Neighbors32 (64%)10 (67%)22 (63%)
 Attends school12 (24%)3 (20%)9 (26%)
 Extended family9 (18%)1 (0.1%)8 (23%)
 Other3 (6%)0 (0%)3 (0.09%)
HIV status0.54
 Positive9 (18%)4 (27%)5 (14%)0.29
 Negative36 (72%)10 (67%)26 (74%)
 Unknown5 (10%)1 (0.1%)4 (11%)
Median time between TB diagnosis and start
of TB treatment, days (IQR)
3 (0–15)17.5 (0–26)2 (0–9)0.03
Household information
Location of house 0.29
 Urban/periurban46 (92%)14 (93%)32 (91%)
 Rural2 (4%)1 (0.07%)1 (0.03%)
 Other2 (4%)0 (0%)2 (0.06%)
Family type 0.85
 Joint29 (58%)9 (60%)20 (57%)
 Nuclear21 (42%)6 (40%)15 (43%)
Median adults in the home (IQR)3 (2–5)3(2–6)3 (2–5)0.74
Median children in the home (IQR)a2 (1–3)2 (1-2)2 (2-3)0.05
House with ≤2 rooms42 (84%)12 (80%)30 (86%)0.68
House with no windows32 (64%)9 (60%)23 (66%)0.70
House with 1 person employed for pay24 (48%)7 (47%)17 (49%)0.90
Monthly household incomeb0.82
  $0–63 USD17 (34%)6 (40%)11 (31%)
  $63–111 USD19 (38%)4 (27%)15 (43%)
  >$111 USD12 (24%)4 (27%)8 (23%)
 Refused to Answer2 (4%)1 (0.06%)1 (0.03%)
Primary caretaker education level ≤4th grade19 (38%)4 (27%)15 (43%)0.35
Moderate to severe food insecurity12 (24%)7 (46%)5 (14%)0.01

INR: Indian Rupees; IQR indicates interquartile range.
aThe index case.
bBased on conversion of 1 USD = 48.5 INR (average for 2010-2011) [4].

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