Table 2: Patient particulars on admission with odds ratio*.

FactorCasesControls OR (95% CI)

Female sex, (%)28 (46.6)24 (40)0.460.76 (0.36–1.57)
Age, mean years (range)47 (14–95)32.97 (15–75)0.04n/a
Weight, mean kg (range)36.82 (28–65)48.83 (25–81)<0.01n/a
Smokers, (%)32 (53.3)11 (18.3)<0.010.19 (0.08–0.44)
Past TB history, (%)32 (53.3)19 (31.6)0.040.32 (0.15–0.71)
Pulmonary TB, (%)39 (65)16 (26.6)<0.010.19 (0.09–0.42)
Bilateral lung involvement, (%)31 (51.6)7 (11.6)<0.018.09 (3.17–20.6)
Not taking ATT, (%)48 (80)04 (6.6)<0.0156 (16.9–185.0)
Smear positive, 15/2539/56<0.01n/a
HIV positive, (%)1/54000.02n/a
TLC ×109/L, mean12.918.27<0.01n/a
 Neutrophils, mean %82.6077.070.02n/a
 Lymphocytes, mean %12.4918.27<0.01n/a
Serum protein U/L, mean5.016.48<0.01n/a

OR: odds ratio; CI: confidence interval; TB: tuberculosis; ATT: anti-tuberculosis treatment; HIV: human immunodeficiency virus; TLC: total leukocyte count; n/a: not applicable.