Tuberculosis Research and Treatment / 2016 / Article / Tab 4

Research Article

Treatment Outcome and Associated Factors among Tuberculosis Patients in Debre Tabor, Northwestern Ethiopia: A Retrospective Study

Table 4

Factors associated with treatment outcome of TB patients in Debre Tabor, 2008–2013, .

VariablesTreatment outcomeCOR (95% CI) valueAOR (95% CI) value
Successful (%)Unsuccessful (%)

Sex
 Male144 (83.2)29 (16.8)1.001.00
 Female120 (92.3)10 (7.7)0.414 (0.194–0.883)0.0230.347 (0.132–0.917)0.033
Residence
 Urban 158 (85.0)29 (15.0)1.001.00
 Rural 106 (84.1)10 (7.9)0.514 (0.240–1.099)0.0860.342 (0.118–0.986)0.047
Age in groups
 ≤2480 (90.9)8 (9.1)1.001.00
 25–44118 (90.8)12 (9.2)1.017 (0.398–2.600)0.9721.041 (0.298–3.634)0.949
 ≥4566 (77.6)19 (22.4)2.879 (1.185–6.996)0.0203.807 (1.155–12.544)0.028
Type of TB
 Smear positive PTB68 (84.0)13 (16.0)1.001.00
 Smear negative PTB94 (89.5)11 (10.5)0.612 (0.259–1.449)0.2640.240 (0.034–1.724)0.156
 Extrapulmonary TB102 (87.2)15 (12.8)0.796 (0.344–1.718)0.5220.355 (0.049–2.603)0.308
HIV status
 Negative160 (89.4)19 (10.6)1.001.00
 Positive35 (85.4)6 (14.6)1.444 (0.537–3.877)0.4661.155 (0.322–4.146)0.825
 Unknown69 (83.1)14 (16.9)1.709 (0.810–3.602)0.1591.558 (0.312–7.7690.589
Patient category
 New234 (87.6)33 (12.4)1.001.00
 Relapse 8 (61.5)5 (38.5)4.432 (1.368–14.355)0.0133.906 (0.470–32.483)0.207
 Failure 1 (50.0)1 (50.0)7.091 (0.433–116.103)0.170
 Transferred in17 (100.0)0 (0.00)
 Unknown 4 (100.0)0 (0.00)
Baseline smear result
 Smear positive68 (84.0)13 (16.0)1.0
 Smear negative 196 (88.3)26 (12.9)0.694 (0.338–1.426)0.3200.460 (0.071–2.963)0.414
Smear result at 2nd month
 Positive3 (30.0)7 (70.0)1.001.00
 Negative63 (94.0)4 (6.0)0.027 (0.005–0.147)0.0000.056 (0.005–0.577)0.015
 Not done198 (87.6)28 (12.4)0.061 (0.015–0.248)0.0000.140 (0.004–5.559)0.296
Year of treatment
 May 2008–April 200955 (83.3)11 (16.7)2.850 (0.856–9.489)0.0882.726 (0.319–23.266)0.359
 May 2009–April 201055 (80.9)13 (19.1)3.368 (1.035–10.965)0.0443.650 (0.806–16.522)0.093
 May 2010–April 201143 (87.8)6 (12.2)1.988 (0.528–7.485)0.3103.624 (0.701–18.727)0.124
 May 2011–April 201254 (91.5)5 (8.5)1.319 (0.336–5.174)0.6911.637 (0.302–8.880)0.568
 May 2012–April 201357 (93.4)4 (6.6)1.001.00
 Total 264 (87.1)39 (12.9)

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