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Tuberculosis Research and Treatment
Volume 2017, Article ID 7514817, 7 pages
Research Article

TB Risk Perceptions among Medical Residents at a Tertiary Care Center in India

1Department of Community Medicine, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India
2Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Government Medical College/Sassoon General Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India
3Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
4Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Government Medical College/Johns Hopkins Clinical Trials Unit, Pune, Maharashtra, India
5School of Nursing, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
6Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to Geeta S. Pardeshi; moc.liamg@teegunak

Received 14 June 2017; Accepted 4 October 2017; Published 22 November 2017

Academic Editor: David C. Perlman

Copyright © 2017 Geeta S. Pardeshi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Setting. Government tertiary health care center in India. Objective. To understand the perceptions of medical residents about their risk of developing TB in the workplace. Design. Cross-sectional study in which a semistructured questionnaire which included an open-ended question to assess their main concerns regarding TB in workplace was used to collect data. Results. Out of 305 resident doctors approached, 263 (94%) completed a structured questionnaire and 200 of these responded to an open-ended question. Daily exposure to TB was reported by 141 (64%) residents, 13 (5%) reported a prior history of TB, and 175 (69%) respondents were aware of TB infection control guidelines. A majority reported concerns about acquiring TB (78%) and drug-resistant TB (88%). The key themes identified were concerns about developing drug-resistant TB (; 50%); disease and its clinical consequences (; 20%); social and professional consequences (; 19%); exposure to TB patients (; 16%); poor infection control measures (; 14%); and high workload and its health consequences (; 8%). Conclusion. Though many resident doctors were aware of TB infection control guidelines, only few expressed concern about lack of TB infection control measures. Doctors need to be convinced of the importance of these measures which should be implemented urgently.