Table of Contents
Textures and Microstructures
Volume 26 (1996)–27

Ultrasonic Characterization of Rolling and Recrystallization Textures in Aluminum

1Ames Laboratory Iowa State University Ames, IA 50011, USA
2Alcan Rolled Products Castle Works, Rogerstone Newport, Gwent, Wales NP1 9YA, UK
3AECL Chalk River Laboratories Chalk River, Ontario K0J 1J0, Canada

Received 24 December 1995; Accepted 1 April 1996

Copyright © 1996 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Crystallographic texture, which plays an important role in many forming operations, is developed during sheet metal processing. Improved product quality could be achieved if the texture could be measured, quickly and inexpensively, during different stages of the processing. One potential scheme, involving measurement of the angular dependence of the speed of ultrasonic waves propagating in the plane of the sheet is described, as applied to aluminum. While this technique has been successfully used in steel sheets, application to aluminum is more difficult because of the smaller elastic anisotropy of the crystallites. This paper presents the results of a detailed study of the strengths and weaknesses of the approach. Included are discussions of signal processing factors, the accuracy of the ultrasonically determined Cιμν , and a comparison between Cιμν measured by ultrasonics and by diffraction techniques (both X-ray and neutron). It is found that relative velocity measurements are very good for determining C412 and C413 . These measurements can easily distinguish between rolling and recrystallization textures, and can also detect more subtle variations in recrystallization textures. A systematic offset in the prediction of C411 is also reported, which is believed to be a consequence of unknown alloy dependence of the single crystal elastic constants and texture free velocities, quantities which play a key role in inferring this quantity from absolute measurements.