Table of Contents
Textures and Microstructures
Volume 33 (1999), Issue 1-4, Pages 291-301

Residual Stress and Texture Due to Cold and Hot Extrusion Processes

Hahn–Meitner-Institut, Strukturforschung, Glienicker Straße 100, Berlin D-14109, Germany

Copyright © 1999 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The residual stress state and the texture of cold forward extruded full and hollow steel bodies as well as a hot extruded AlSi25Cu4Mg1 tube are studied by X-ray, high energy synchrotron and neutron diffraction. The experimental results reveal that all samples are fibre textured and that there are characteristic distributions of the residual stresses vs. sample diameter. In case of the cold forward extruded samples at low degrees of natural strain, the rod kernel is under compressive residual stresses which are balanced by tensile residual stresses in the outer part of the sample. In contrast to this, the outer part of the hot extruded sample is under compressive macroscopic stresses which are balanced by tensile macroscopic residual stresses in the inner part of the sample.