Table of Contents
Textures and Microstructures
Volume 32, Issue 1-4, Pages 83-99

Texture and Microstructure Evolution During Superplasticity of the Metal Matrix Composite PM 2014 Al–20% Al2O3

Institute for Metals Superplasticity Problems RAS, Khalturina 39, Ufa 450001, Russia

Accepted 28 September 1997

Copyright © 1999 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The effects of superplastic deformation (SPD) on grain structure and texture evolution of the Al 2014–20%Al2O3 composite produced via powder metallurgical method were investigated in conjunction with surface relief observations. Samples were deformed in tension at different strains in the range of true strain rates 10-4–100 S-1 at temperature 500C. It was found that SPD strains have a large effect on both texture and grain size. At the initial stage of superplastic flow, deformation bands are formed in the aluminum matrix along the tension direction. Simultaneously, the initial 111 fiber texture is broken and formation of 110 fiber texture takes place. Further strain up to 50% leads to grain structure change from banded structure to nearly equiaxed. The 111 fiber texture is restored and texture intensity decreases with increasing strain. Strain rate dependence of texture developments showed evidence for dislocation activity in examined strain range.

The relation between microstructure evolution and texture development during superplastic deformation of the PM 2014–20% Al2O3 composite is explained from the viewpoint of cooperative grain boundary sliding (CGBS).