Table of Contents
Textures and Microstructures
Volume 33 (1999), Issue 1-4, Pages 219-230
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/TSM.33.219

Microstrain Measurement in Plastically Deformed Austenitic Steel

1Laboratoire Léon Brillouin (CEA/CNRS), CE Saclay, Gif Sur Yvette F-91191, France
2lFTS, Université de Reims Champagne Ardenne, Czech Republic
3Nuclear Physics Institute, 250 68 Rez, Czech Republic
4LM3 URA CNRS 1279, ENSAM, 151 bd. De l'Hopital, Paris 75013, France

Copyright © 1999 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Some results of high-resolution neutron diffraction experiments resulting in determination of the microstrain in metallic materials are reported. The method of the diffraction line broadening analysis was verified in two materials, investigated earlier by X-ray diffraction: an austenitic steel prestrained up to 30% and a cold rolled aluminium magnesium alloy. For these materials, the mean-square microstrain and the dislocation density were determined, a good agreement was reached with the results of X-ray experiments. As an application of such analysis we investigated the influence of the shot-peening treatment on an austenitic steel. This treatment is commonly used to introduce compressive stresses in the surface of material, giving improved resistance to fatigue fracture. The microstrain distribution and the size of coherently diffracting blocks for a shot-peened sample of austenitic steel as a function of depth from the surface are determined by the above analysis and the results are presented.