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Urban Studies Research
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 321815, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/321815
Research Article

Consequences of Economic Deconcentration in Italy and Rome: Unplanned Processes in a Highly Regulated Country

Dipartimento di Studi Europei, Americani e Interculturali, Sapienza Università di Roma, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, 00185 Roma, Italy

Received 10 January 2012; Revised 6 March 2012; Accepted 18 April 2012

Academic Editor: Robert C. Kloosterman

Copyright © 2012 Armando Montanari and Barbara Staniscia. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper analyses the relationship between deconcentration processes, planning policies, and governance in the metropolitan area of Rome, Italy, from 1991 to 2001. It points out that Rome does not have an explicit policy either in favor of or against deconcentration and that the public authorities are not in fact aware of the problem. Deconcentration is mainly driven by market forces and business location decisions. These decisions are strongly influenced by material factors such as accessibility, land availability, and real estate prices, as well as immaterial factors such as the natural, cultural, and social environment. Public players can take action to influence these factors. Even though Italy has a very strictly regulated planning system, there has traditionally been a high degree of freedom in actual behaviors.