Table of Contents
Urban Studies Research
Volume 2016, Article ID 1469530, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1469530
Research Article

Urban Biodiversity: Perception, Preference, General Awareness, and Threats in Two Cities (Niamey and Maradi) of Niger

1Faculty of Agronomic Science, University of Diffa, BP 78, Diffa, Niger
2Faculty of Agronomy and Environmental Science, Dan Dicko Dankoulodo University of Maradi, BP 456, Maradi, Niger

Received 21 August 2016; Revised 26 October 2016; Accepted 21 November 2016

Academic Editor: Eric Koomen

Copyright © 2016 Salamatou Abdourahamane Illiassou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This study was undertaken to obtain direct and useful data that support biodiversity awareness and management in two cities of Niger. 800 questionnaires were administrated to the populations of Niamey and Maradi. The results show that 99% of respondents are aware of the importance of biodiversity in urban areas. They assign multiple roles to it; however, climatic and managerial reasons explain why plants are most preferred to animals in these cities. Furthermore, shade and fruits are the criteria for plant species selection, and that explains the abundance of Azadirachta indica A. Juss. and Mangifera indica L. Even though plants are preferred to animals in houses, 47% of the respondents practice animal husbandry. Most of the animals are left wandering with risks of destruction of green areas, road unsafety, and zoonotic contamination. The results of this study also showed the ignorance of 55% of the respondents about the presence of wildlife in urban areas. The proliferation of cockroaches and rats could be an indication of insanitary conditions that are faced in some areas of the cities as mentioned by 81% of the respondents. This study shows the importance of local knowledge in the identification process of urban problems.