VLSI Design On Self-Checking SystemsView this Special Issue
Design of CMOS PSCD Circuits and Checkers for Stuck-At and Stuck-On Faults
We present in this paper an approach to designing partially strongly code-disjoint (PSCD) CMOS circuits and checkers, considering transistor stuck-on faults in addition to gate-level stuck-at faults. Our design-for-testability (DFT) technique requires only a small number of extra transistors for monitoring abnormal static currents, coupled with a simple clocking scheme, to detect the stuck-on faults concurrently. The DFT circuitry not only can detect the faults in the functional circuit but also can detect or tolerate faults in itself, making it a good candidate for checker design. Switch and circuit level simulations were performed on a sample circuit, and a sample 4-out-of-8 code checker chip using the proposed technique has been designed, fabricated, and tested, showing the correctness of the method. Performance penalty is reduced by a novel BiCMOS checker circuit.