VLSI Design

VLSI Design / 1998 / Article

Open Access

Volume 6 |Article ID 065604 | https://doi.org/10.1155/1998/65604

H. L. Grubin, T. R. Govindan, "Quantum Contributions and Violations of the Classical Law of Mass Action", VLSI Design, vol. 6, Article ID 065604, 4 pages, 1998. https://doi.org/10.1155/1998/65604

Quantum Contributions and Violations of the Classical Law of Mass Action


The law of mass action refers to the product of concentration of reactants, which for a particular material is a function only of temperature. For non-degenerate semiconductors the law of mass action is represented by the product NP=NCNV exp- EG/KBT. Through solutions to the quantum Liouville equation, it is determined that the law of mass action is generally invalid.

Copyright © 1998 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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