H. L. Grubin, T. R. Govindan, "Quantum Contributions and Violations of the Classical Law of Mass Action", VLSI Design, vol. 6, Article ID 065604, 4 pages, 1998. https://doi.org/10.1155/1998/65604
Quantum Contributions and Violations of the Classical Law of Mass Action
The law of mass action refers to the product of concentration of reactants, which for a particular material is a function only of temperature. For non-degenerate semiconductors the law of mass action is represented by the product exp- . Through solutions to the quantum Liouville equation, it is determined that the law of mass action is generally invalid.
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