VLSI Design

VLSI Design / 1999 / Article
Special Issue

International Workshop on Quantum Theory

View this Special Issue

Open Access

Volume 9 |Article ID 89476 | 12 pages | https://doi.org/10.1155/1999/89476

Rigorous Derivation of the Pauli Equation With Time-dependent Electromagnetic Field

Received13 Aug 1997
Revised01 Dec 1998

Abstract

In this work we discuss relativistic corrections for the description of charge carriers in a quantum mechanical framework. The fundamental equation is the Dirac equation which takes into account also the electron's spin. However, this equation intrinsically also incorporates positrons which play no role in applications in solid state physics. We give a rigorous derivation of the Pauli equation describing electrons in a first order approximation of the Dirac equation in the limit of infinite velocity of light. We deal with time-dependent electromagnetic potentials where no rigorous results have been given before. Our approach is based on the use of appropriate projection operators for the electron and the positron component of the spinor which are better suited than the widely used simple splitting into ‘upper (large)’ and ‘lower (small) component’. We also systematically derive corrections at second order in 1/c where we essentially recover the results of the Foldy-Wouthuysen approach. However, due to the non-static problem, differences occur in the term which couples the electric field with the spin.

Copyright © 1999 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


More related articles

0 Views | 0 Downloads | 0 Citations
 PDF  Download Citation  Citation
 Order printed copiesOrder

Related articles

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly and safely as possible. Any author submitting a COVID-19 paper should notify us at help@hindawi.com to ensure their research is fast-tracked and made available on a preprint server as soon as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted articles related to COVID-19. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.