A Modified RBF Collocation Method for Solving the Convection-Diffusion ProblemsRead the full article
Abstract and Applied Analysis publishes research with an emphasis on important developments in classical analysis, linear and nonlinear functional analysis, ordinary and partial differential equations, optimisation theory, and control theory.
Chief Editor, Dr Wong, is an associate professor at Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. Her research interests include differential equations, difference equations, integral equations, and numerical mathematics.
Latest ArticlesMore articles
On the Heat and Wave Equations with the Sturm-Liouville Operator in Quantum Calculus
In this paper, we explore a generalised solution of the Cauchy problems for the -heat and -wave equations which are generated by Jackson’s and the -Sturm-Liouville operators with respect to and , respectively. For this, we use a new method, where a crucial tool is used to represent functions in the Fourier series expansions in a Hilbert space on quantum calculus. We show that these solutions can be represented by explicit formulas generated by the -Mittag-Leffler function. Moreover, we prove the unique existence and stability of the weak solutions.
Fixed Point Results via Real-Valued Function Satisfying Integral Type Rational Contraction
In this article, we mainly discuss the existence and uniqueness of fixed point satisfying integral type contractions in complete metric spaces via rational expression using real-valued functions. We improve and unify many widely known results from the literature. Among these, the work of Rakotch (1962), Branciari (2002), and Liu et al. (2013) is extended. Finally, we conclude with an example presented graphically in favour of our work.
Coincidence Fixed-Point Theorems for -Hybrid Contraction Mappings in -Metric Space with Application
By combining the notions of -metric space and -metric space, in this paper, we present coincidence fixed-point theorems for -hybrid mappings in -metric spaces. An example is given to demonstrate the novelty of our main results. Henceforth, the illustrative applications are given by using nonlinear fractional differential equations.
A Study on the Impact of Nonlinear Source Term in Black-Scholes Option Pricing Model
In this work, we study the effect of nonlinear source term in Black-Scholes model by finding the solution of it. We use the mathematical concepts of existence and uniqueness to arrive the conclusion. The transformation of the nonlinear equation into heat equation leads to the existence of solution through fixed-point theorems, semigroup theory, and certain regularity conditions imposed on variables.
Modelling the Transmission Dynamics of Meningitis among High and Low-Risk People in Ghana with Cost-Effectiveness Analysis
Meningitis is an inflammation of the meninges, which covers the brain and spinal cord. Every year, most individuals within sub-Saharan Africa suffer from meningococcal meningitis. Moreover, tens of thousands of these cases result in death, especially during major epidemics. The transmission dynamics of the disease keep changing, according to health practitioners. The goal of this study is to exploit robust mechanisms to manage and prevent the disease at a minimal cost due to its public health implications. A significant concern found to aid in the transmission of meningitis disease is the movement and interaction of individuals from low-risk to high-risk zones during the outbreak season. Thus, this article develops a mathematical model that ascertains the dynamics involved in meningitis transmissions by partitioning individuals into low- and high-risk susceptible groups. After computing the basic reproduction number, the model is shown to exhibit a unique local asymptotically stability at the meningitis-free equilibrium , when the effective reproduction number , and the existence of two endemic equilibria for which and exhibits the phenomenon of backward bifurcation, which shows the difficulty of relying only on the reproduction number to control the disease. The effective reproductive number estimated in real time using the exponential growth method affirmed that the number of secondary meningitis infections will continue to increase without any intervention or policies. To find the best strategy for minimizing the number of carriers and infected individuals, we reformulated the model into an optimal control model using Pontryagin’s maximum principles with intervention measures such as vaccination, treatment, and personal protection. Although Ghana’s most preferred meningitis intervention method is via treatment, the model’s simulations demonstrated that the best strategy to control meningitis is to combine vaccination with treatment. But the cost-effectiveness analysis results show that vaccination and treatment are among the most expensive measures to implement. For that reason, personal protection which is the most cost-effective measure needs to be encouraged, especially among individuals migrating from low- to high-risk meningitis belts.
Coupling Shape Optimization and Topological Derivative for Maxwell Equations
The paper deals with a coupling algorithm using shape and topological derivatives of a given cost functional and a problem governed by nonstationary Maxwell’s equations in 3D. To establish the shape and topological derivatives, an adjoint method is used. For the topological asymptotic expansion, two examples of cost functionals are considered with the perturbation of the electric permittivity and magnetic permeability. We combine the shape derivative and topological one to propose an algorithm. The proposed algorithm allows to insert a small inhomogeneity (electric or magnetic) in a given shape.