Table 5: Comparison among ABFO0, ABFO1, BFO, PSO, and GA on 300-d problems.

Mean function value

FunctionBFOABFO0ABFO1PSOGA

f 1(x)300D1.4854e+0037.4192e–0031.0888e–0011.0031e–0019.0737e+001
f 2(x)300D2.5891e+0044.6924e–0024.1758e–0023.0752e+0025.7737e+003
f 3(x)300D3.8524e+0031.5210e–0029.0428e–0012.0771e+0022.8621e+003
f 4(x)300D8.2126e+0038.3185e–0039.2521e–0015.9560e+0031.0287e+003