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Abstract and Applied Analysis
VolumeΒ 2011, Article IDΒ 649248, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/649248
Research Article

A Study on the Fermionic -Adic -Integral Representation on Associated with Weighted -Bernstein and -Genocchi Polynomials

1Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science and Arts, University of Gaziantep, 27310 Gaziantep, Turkey
2Department of Applied Mathematics, Pukyong National University, Busan 608-737, Republic of Korea

Received 31 March 2011; Revised 25 June 2011; Accepted 18 July 2011

Academic Editor: TokaΒ Diagana

Copyright Β© 2011 Serkan Araci et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We consider weighted -Genocchi numbers and polynomials. We investigated some interesting properties of the weighted -Genocchi numbers related to weighted -Bernstein polynomials by using fermionic -adic integrals on .

1. Introduction, Definitions, and Notations

The main motivation of this paper is [1] by Kim, in which he introduced and studied properties of -Bernoulli numbers and polynomials with weight . Recently, many mathematicians have studied weighted special polynomials (see [1–5]).

This numbers and polynomials are used in not only number theory, complex analysis, and the other branch of mathematics, but also in other parts of the -adic analysis and mathematical physics. Kurt Hensel (1861–1941) invented the so-called -adic numbers around the end of the nineteenth century. In spite of their being already one hundred years old, these numbers are still today enveloped in an aura of mystery within scientific community [6] although they have penetrated several mathematical fields such as number theory, algebraic geometry, algebraic topology, analysis, and mathematical physics (see, for details, [6–8]).

The -adic -integral (or -Volkenborn integral) are originally constructed by Kim [9]. The -Volkenborn integral is used in mathematical physics, for example, the functional equation of the -zeta function, the -Stirling numbers, and -Mahler theory of integration with respect to the ring together with Iwasawa's -adic - function.

Let be a fixed odd prime number. Throughout this paper, we use the following notations. By , we denote the ring of -adic rational integers, denotes the field of rational numbers, denotes the field of -adic rational numbers, and denotes the completion of algebraic closure of . Let be the set of natural numbers and . The -adic absolute value is defined by . In this paper, we assume as an indeterminate. In [10–12], let UD be the space of uniformly differentiable functions on . For UD , the fermionic -adic -integral on is defined by Kim

For and , Kim et al. defined weighted -Bernstein polynomials as follows: (see [13, 14]). When we put and in (1.2), , and we obtain the classical Bernstein polynomials (see [13, 14]), where is a -extension of which is defined by (see [1–4, 7, 9–12, 14–26]). Note that .

In [3], For , S. Araci et al. defined weighted -Genocchi polynomials as follows:

In the special case, ,   are called the -Genocchi numbers with weight .

In [3], For and , S. Araci et al. defined -Genocchi numbers with weight as follows:

In this paper we obtained some relations between the weighted -Bernstein polynomials and the -Genocchi numbers. From these relations, we derive some interesting identities on the -Genocchi numbers and polynomials with weight .

2. On the Weighted -Genocchi Numbers and Polynomials

By the definition of -Genocchi polynomials with weight , we easily get

Therefore, we obtain the following theorem.

Theorem 2.1. For , one has with usual convention about replacing by .

By Theorem 2.1, we have

By (1.4), we get

Therefore, we obtain the following theorem.

Theorem 2.2. For , one has

From (1.5) and Theorem 2.1, we have the following theorem.

Theorem 2.3. For , one has with usual convention about replacing by .

For , by Theorem 2.3, we note that

Therefore, we have the following theorem.

Theorem 2.4. For , one has

From Theorem 2.2 and (2.5), we see that

Therefore, we get the following theorem.

Theorem 2.5. For , one has

Let . By Theorems 2.4 and 2.5, we get

From (2.11), we get the following corollary.

Corollary 2.6. For , one has

3. Novel Identities on the Weighted -Genocchi Numbers

In this section, we derive concerning the some interesting properties of -Genocchi numbers via the -adic -integral on , in the sense of fermionic and weighted -Bernstein polynomials.

By (3.1), Kim et al. get the symmetry of -Bernstein polynomials weighted as follows: (see [4]). Thus, from Corollary 2.6, (3.1), and (3.2), we see that

For and with , we obtain

Let us take the fermionic -adic -integral on for the weighted -Bernstein polynomials of degree as follows:

Therefore, by (3.4) and (3.5), we obtain the following theorem.

Theorem 3.1. For and with , one has

Let and with .  Then, we get

Therefore, we obtain the following theorem.

Theorem 3.2. For and with , one has

From the binomial theorem, we can derive

Thus, for Theorem 3.4 and (3.13), we can obtain the following corollary.

Corollary 3.3. For and with , one has

For and with , let and with . Then, we take the fermionic -adic -integral on for the weighted -Bernstein polynomials of degree as follows:

Therefore, we obtain the following theorem.

Theorem 3.4. For with , let and with . Then, one has

From the definition of weighted -Bernstein polynomials and the binomial theorem, we easily get

Therefore, from (3.13) and Theorem 3.4, we have the following corollary.

Corollary 3.5. For with , let and with . One has

Acknowledgments

The authors wish to express their sincere gratitude to the referees for their valuable suggestions and comments and Professor Toka Diagana for his cooperation and help.

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