Abstract and Applied Analysis

Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 535020, 7 pages

http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/535020

## Note on Relation between Double Laplace Transform and Double Differential Transform

Mathematics Department, College of Science, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2455, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia

Received 12 May 2013; Accepted 8 June 2013

Academic Editor: Bessem Samet

Copyright © 2013 Hassan Eltayeb. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

#### Abstract

Double differential transform method has been employed to compute double Laplace transform. To illustrate the method, four examples of different forms have been prepared.

#### 1. Introduction

The concept of the DTM was first proposed by Zhou [1], who solved linear and nonlinear problems in electrical circuit problems. Chen and Ho [2] developed this method for partial differential equations and applied it to the system of differential equations. During the recent years, many authors have used this method for solving various types of equations. For example, this method has been used for differential algebraic equations [3], partial differential equations [4, 5], fractional differential equations [6], Volterra integral equations [7], and difference equations [8]. The main goal of this paper is to extend the study of single Laplace transform by using differential transform (see [9]) and to compute double Laplace transform by means of double differential transform method. As we know, the standard derivation of Laplace transforms inherits an improper integration which may, in certain cases, not be analytically tractable. However, in contrast, the proposed straightforward approach merely requires easy differentiations and algebraic operations. Three examples are proposed.

The one-dimensional differential transform of the function is defined by the following formula: where and are the original and transform functions, respectively. The inverse differential transform of is specified as follows: Consider an analytical function of two variables; then this function can be represented as a series in using differential transform and inverse double differential transform From the definition of double Laplace transform, we can write where , and , is a complex value.

On using double direct and inverse differential transform with respect to and for both sides of the previous,

Lemma 1. *Let and be a finite positive integers such that , and , , , ; then
*

*Proof. *By using mathematical induction, letting , , we have
Then ; since we conclude that
for , ,
Consequently
Similarly
Assume that, for , to , , it holds that
and also
Now, we are going to prove that
By using the definition of polynomial, we have
Thus

#### 2. Relation between Double Laplace and Differential Transforms

In this section, we compute the double Laplace transform by means of double differential transform by proposing some examples as follows.

*Example 2. *Double Laplace transform of function ; consider
In the next example, we apply double differential transform to compute double Laplace transform as follows.

*Example 3. *If we consider the function , then double Laplace transform is given by
From the properties of double differential transform, we have
On using definition of Kronecker delta function forces, we have
From the previous equation, we have
where and are constant coefficients of the polynomials generated by and , respectively. According to the lemma, the last summations of (23), , and are zeros, such that
In the next example, we apply double integral transform as follows.

*Example 4. *If we consider the function , then double Laplace transform is given by
By calculating the summation inside the bracket we have
From the previous lemma, we know that, for , , , and , we have the following form:
From the definition of infinite geometric series and the summation of the previous terms, we have

In the next example, we apply double differential transform to find double Laplace transform of the function as follows.

*Example 5. *The double Laplace transform of the function , as follows:
By using series, we have
By applying double differential transform, we have
On using double inverse differential transform, we have
According to the previous lemma, we have
By using the definition of
we have
So that

Also, we can use the same idea to compute double Laplace transform for convolution function, single or double.

#### Acknowledgment

The author gratefully acknowledge, that this project was supported by King Saud University, Deanship of Scientific Research, College of Science Research Center.

#### References

- J. K. Zhou,
*Differential Transformation and Its Applications for Electrical Circuits*, Huazhong University Press, Wuhan, China, 1986. - C. K. Chen and S. H. Ho, “Solving partial differential equations by two-dimensional differential transform method,”
*Applied Mathematics and Computation*, vol. 106, no. 2-3, pp. 171–179, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - J. D. Cole, “On a quasi-linear parabolic equation occurring in aerodynamics,”
*Quarterly of Applied Mathematics*, vol. 9, pp. 225–236, 1951. View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet - F. Kangalgil and F. Ayaz, “Solitary wave solutions for the KdV and mKdV equations by differential transform method,”
*Chaos, Solitons & Fractals*, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 464–472, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - S. Momani, Z. Odibat, and I. Hashim, “Algorithms for nonlinear fractional partial differential equations: a selection of numerical methods,”
*Topological Methods in Nonlinear Analysis*, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 211–226, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet - A. Arikoglu and I. Ozkol, “Solution of fractional differential equations by using differential transform method,”
*Chaos, Solitons & Fractals*, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 1473–1481, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - Z. M. Odibat, “Differential transform method for solving Volterra integral equation with separable kernels,”
*Mathematical and Computer Modelling*, vol. 48, no. 7-8, pp. 1144–1149, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - A. Arikoglu and I. Ozkol, “Solution of difference equations by using differential transform method,”
*Applied Mathematics and Computation*, vol. 174, no. 2, pp. 1216–1228, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - H. Fatoorehchi and H. Abolghasemi, “Computation of analytical Laplace transforms by the differential transform method,”
*Mathematical and Computer Modelling*, vol. 56, no. 7-8, pp. 145–151, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet