Research Article | Open Access

# On the Iterative Method for the System of Nonlinear Matrix Equations

**Academic Editor:**Mohammad T. Darvishi

#### Abstract

The positive definite solutions for the system of nonlinear matrix equations are considered, where are two positive integers and *A*, *B* are nonsingular complex matrices. Some sufficient conditions for the existence of positive definite solutions for the system are derived. Under some conditions, an iterative algorithm for computing the positive definite solutions for the system is proposed.
Also, the estimation of the error is obtained. Finally, some numerical examples are given to
show the efficiency of the proposed iterative algorithm.

#### 1. Introduction

Linear and nonlinear matrix equations have been widely used for solving many problems in several areas such as control theory, optimal control, optimization control, stability theory, communication system, dynamic programming, signal processing, and stochastic filtering and statistics, [1â€“3]. Many authors studied the existence of solutions for several classes of the matrix equations (see, e.g., [4â€“14]), in particular, Lyapunov matrix equation [15], Sylvester matrix equations [11, 14], algebraic Riccati equations [3], some special case of linear and nonlinear matrix equations [16â€“21], and coupled matrix equations [22â€“24].

In recent years, many types of algebraic Riccati equations have been the subject of great activity, the aim being to achieve a fast and reliable algorithm that generates numerical positive definite solutions.

In this paper, we will consider the system (Sys.) of nonlinear matrix equations that can be expressed in the form: where are two positive integers,â€‰â€‰ are unknown matrices,â€‰â€‰ is the identity matrix, andâ€‰â€‰ are nonsingular matrices. All matrices are defined over the complex field. The system of nonlinear matrix equations with the form of (1) is a special case of the system of algebraic discrete-type Riccati equations of the form: where , [2, 3]. The efficient numerical solutions for some special case of the system (2) have been extensively studied by several authors [4â€“10, 22â€“26]. For example, Mukaidani [22] proposed a new algorithm for solving cross-coupled sign-indefinite algebraic Riccati equations for weakly coupled large-scale systems, while in [4, 5] Al-Dubiban has studied special cases of Sys. (2) by obtained sufficient conditions for the existence of positive definite solutions for the systems and proposed iterative algorithms to calculate the solutions. In [10], Davies proposed upper bounds for the sum of the maximal eigenvalues of the solutions of the continuous and discrete coupled algebraic Riccati equations. In [25], Ivanov has studied a set of discrete-time coupled algebraic Riccati equations which arise in quadratic optimal control and proposed two iterations for computing a symmetric solution of this system.

In this paper, we derive the sufficient conditions of the existence of solutions for the Sys. (1). We introduce an iterative algorithm to obtain the positive definite solutions of Sys. (1). We discuss the convergence of this iterative algorithm. Finally, some numerical examples are given to illustrate the efficiency for suggested algorithm.

The following notations are used throughout the rest of the paper. The notation â€‰â€‰ means that is positive semidefinite (positive definite), denotes the complex conjugate transpose of , and is the identity matrix. Moreover, â€‰â€‰ is used as a different notation for â€‰â€‰. We denote by the spectral radius ofâ€‰â€‰;â€‰â€‰ represent the eigenvalues of and , respectively. The norm used in this paper is the spectral norm of the matrix ; that is,â€‰â€‰ unless otherwise noted.

#### 2. Main Theorems

In this section, we will introduce an iterative algorithm which is applicable for computing the positive definite solutions of the Sys. (1). We start with some results which will be used throughout this paper.

Lemma 1 (see [27, 28]). *If (or ), then (or ) for all , and (or ) for all .*

Theorem 2 (see [29]). *Let the matrices , and be positive definite matrices, such that the integral
**
exists and
**
then the matrix
**
is the solution of the matrix equation:
*

The solution of Sys. (1) can be found by the following iterative algorithm.

*Algorithm 3. *

Theorem 4. *If there exist numbers satisfying , and the following conditions hold:*(i)*,
*(ii)*,
** then the sequences defined by Algorithm 3 converge to a positive definite solution of Sys. (1).*

*Proof. *From Algorithm 3, we get
Also, we have
That is,â€‰â€‰, similarly we get
Also, we have
That is,â€‰â€‰.

Suppose that
Now, we will prove that and .

By using the inequalities (12), we have
Also, we have
Similarly, we get
Also, we have
Therefore, the inequalities (12) are true for all .

Hence, the sequences are monotonically decreasing and bounded from below by the matrix . Consequently, the sequences converge to a positive definite limit which is a solution of Sys. (1).

Theorem 5. *If there exist numbers satisfying , and the following conditions hold: *(i)*,
*(ii)*,
*(iii)*,
** where , then Sys. (1) has a positive definite solution which satisfies
*

*Proof. *From Theorem 4, the two sequences defined by Algorithm 3 are convergent to a positive definite solution of Sys. (1). We compute the spectral norm of the matrices . For that, we have
We denote
We use the following equality:
Since for each , then by using Lemma 1 we have the matrix being a positive definite solution of the matrix equation:
According to Theorem 2, we have
Since are positive definite matrices, then the integral (22) exists, and
By using (18) and (22), we have
However, ; hence,
Then, we have
After times as above, we get
Let be special case, then we have
Since , then ; that is,
Therefore, we get
Also, we have
We denote
We use the following equality:

Since for each , then by using Lemma 1 we have the matrix being a positive definite solution of the matrix equation:
According to Theorem 2, we have
Since are positive definite matrices, then the integral (35) exists, and
By using (31) and (35), we have
However, ; hence,
Then, we have
After times as above, we get
Let be special case, then we have

Since , then ; that is,
Therefore, we get
By using (43) in (30) and (30) in (43), we have
which completes the proof.

#### 3. Numerical Examples

We will give some numerical examples for computing the positive definite solution of the Sys. (1). The solution is computed for some different matrices with different orders. Denote by the solutions which are obtained by Algorithm 3 and .

For computing for all , we use the iterative algorithm.

*Algorithm 6. *

See [30].

*Example 7. *Consider Sys. (1) with , and normal matrices
By using Algorithms 3 and 6, we have

The results are given in Table 1.

*Example 8. *Consider Sys. (1) with and normal matrices
By using Algorithms 3 and 6, we have;

When ,

When ,

The results are given in Table 2.

*Example 9. *Consider Sys. (1) with , and matrices
By using Algorithms 3 and 6, we have

The results are given in Table 3.

*Example 10. *Consider Sys. (1) with , and matrices
By using Algorithms 3 and 6, we have

The results are given in Table 4.