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Abstract and Applied Analysis
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 196010, 17 pages
Research Article

Assessment of an Average Controller for a DC/DC Converter via Either a PWM or a Sigma-Delta-Modulator

1Instituto Politécnico Nacional, CIDETEC, Área de Mecatrónica, Unidad Profesional Adolfo López Mateos, 07700 México, DF, Mexico
2Instituto Tecnológico de Culiacán, Departamento de Metal-Mecánica, 80220 Culiacán, SIN, Mexico
3Instituto Politécnico Nacional, UPIICSA, Sección de Estudios de Posgrado e Investigación, 08400 México, DF, Mexico
4CINVESTAV-IPN, Departamento de Control Automático, 07360 México, DF, Mexico

Received 27 May 2014; Revised 16 September 2014; Accepted 17 September 2014; Published 26 November 2014

Academic Editor: Hamid R. Karimi

Copyright © 2014 R. Silva-Ortigoza et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Sliding mode control is a discontinuous control technique that is, by its nature, appropriate for controlling variable structure systems, such as the switch regulated systems employed in power electronics. However, when designing control laws based on the average models of these systems a modulator is necessary for their experimental implementation. Among the most widely used modulators in power electronics are the pulse width modulation (PWM) and, more recently, the sigma-delta-modulator (-modulator). Based on the importance of achieving an appropriate implementation of average control laws and the relevance of the trajectory tracking task in DC/DC power converters, for the first time, this research presents the assessment of the experimental results obtained when one of these controllers is implemented through either a PWM or a -modulator to perform such a task. A comparative assessment based on the integral square error (ISE) index shows that, at frequencies with similar efficiency, the -modulator provides a better tracking performance for the DC/DC Buck converter. In this paper, an average control based on differential flatness was used to perform the experiments. It is worth mentioning that a different trajectory tracking controller could have been selected for this research.