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Abstract and Applied Analysis
Volume 2014, Article ID 261738, 10 pages
Review Article

Time- and Event-Driven Communication Process for Networked Control Systems: A Survey

1Research Institute of Intelligent Control and Systems, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China
2Department of Computer Science, Brunel University, Uxbridge, Middlesex UB8 3PH, UK
3King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
4Institute for Automatic Control and Complex Systems, University of Duisburg-Essen, 47057, Germany
5College of Electrical and Information Engineering, Northeast Petroleum University, Daqing 163318, China
6Department of Mathematics, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225002, China

Received 9 June 2014; Accepted 8 July 2014; Published 23 July 2014

Academic Editor: Xiao He

Copyright © 2014 Lei Zou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


In recent years, theoretical and practical research topics on networked control systems (NCSs) have gained an increasing interest from many researchers in a variety of disciplines owing to the extensive applications of NCSs in practice. In particular, an urgent need has arisen to understand the effects of communication processes on system performances. Sampling and protocol are two fundamental aspects of a communication process which have attracted a great deal of research attention. Most research focus has been on the analysis and control of dynamical behaviors under certain sampling procedures and communication protocols. In this paper, we aim to survey some recent advances on the analysis and synthesis issues of NCSs with different sampling procedures (time- and event-driven sampling) and protocols (static and dynamic protocols). First, these sampling procedures and protocols are introduced in detail according to their engineering backgrounds as well as dynamic natures. Then, the developments of the stabilization, control, and filtering problems are systematically reviewed and discussed in great detail. Finally, we conclude the paper by outlining future research challenges for analysis and synthesis problems of NCSs with different communication processes.