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Abstract and Applied Analysis
Volume 2014, Article ID 396923, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/396923
Research Article

A Multicriteria Framework to Evaluate Supplier’s Greenness

1Manufacturing System Integration (MSI), Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2Faculty of Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Gambang, Kuantan, 26300 Pahang, Malaysia

Received 6 November 2013; Accepted 24 February 2014; Published 30 March 2014

Academic Editor: Benito Chen-Charpentier

Copyright © 2014 Elham Falatoonitoosi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Environmental protection is becoming more and more important for enterprises because of stronger public awareness, competitors and communities, and government regulations. For this purpose, some programs have become more popular for raising environmental awareness including total quality environmental management and green supply chain management. Reducing the environmental pollution from upstream to downstream during procuring raw materials, producing, distribution, selling products, and products depreciation is the most important goal of Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM). The main contribution of this study is introducing the main factors in green supply chain management that are very important in environmental attributes by providing an evaluation framework to select the most eligible green suppliers by examining the influential and important criteria and subcriteria among ten elements of two main GSCM practices, namely, green logistics and environmental protection. First, these factors are divided into two groups, that is, green logistics and environmental protection, and then by applying DEMATEL technique, the complex causal relationship between all factors dependencies and feedbacks among them is examined. Finally, by drawing the impact relationship map the most important and influential factors are determined for improving green supply chain environmental aspects.