Abstract and Applied Analysis

Abstract and Applied Analysis / 2014 / Article

Research Article | Open Access

Volume 2014 |Article ID 478185 | 6 pages | https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/478185

Nonlocal Boundary Value Problem for Nonlinear Impulsive -Integrodifference Equation

Academic Editor: J. C. Prajapati
Received04 Jan 2014
Accepted30 Jan 2014
Published10 Mar 2014

Abstract

A nonlinear impulsive integrodifference equation within the frame of -quantum calculus is investigated by applying using fixed point theorems. The conditions for existence and uniqueness of solutions are obtained.

1. Introduction

Recently, by introducing and applying the fractional difference operators to real world problems (see, e.g., [17] and the references therein) we revitalized the importance of the quantum calculus [8]. However the real world phenomena are usually described by complex model based involving different types of operators. In this way we hope to understand deeper the dynamics of complex or hypercomplex systems and to reveal their hidden aspects.

On this line of thought in this paper, we study the existence and uniqueness of solutions for nonlinear -integrodifference equation with nonlocal boundary condition and impulses: where , are -derivatives and -integrals , respectively. , , , , , , , , where and denote the right and the left limits of at , respectively.

2. Preliminaries

Let us set , , and introduce the space: with the norm . Then, is a Banach space.

For convenience, let us recall some basic concepts of -calculus [9].

For and , we define the -derivatives of a real valued continuous function as Higher order -derivatives are given by The -integral of a function is defined by provided the series converges. If and is defined on the interval , then Observe that For , the following reversing order of -integration holds

Note that if and in (3) and (5), then , , where and are the well-known -derivative and -integral of the function defined by

Lemma 1. For given , the function is a solution of the impulsive -integrodifference equation if and only if satisfies the -integral equation

Proof. Let be a solution of -difference equation (10). For , applying the operator on both sides of , we have Thus,
Similarly, for , applying the operator on both sides of , then In view of , it holds
Repeating the above process, we can get
Using the boundary value condition given in (10), it follows
Conversely, assume that satisfies the impulsive -integral equation (11); applying on both sides of (11) and substituting in (11), then (10) holds. This completes the proof.

3. Main Results

Letting , in view of Lemma 1, we introduce an operator as By reversing the order of integration, we obtain Then, the impulsive -integrodifference equation (1) has a solution if and only if the operator equation has a fixed point.

In order to prove the existence of solutions for (1), we need the following known result [10].

Theorem 2. Let be a Banach space. Assume that is a completely continuous operator and the set is bounded. Then has a fixed point in .

Theorem 3. Assume the following.There exist nonnegative bounded functions such that for any , .There exist positive constants such that for any , .Then problem (1) has at least one solution provided

Proof. Firstly, we prove the operator is completely continuous. Clearly, continuity of the operator follows from the continuity of , , , and . Let be bounded. Then ,  ; there exist positive constants such that , , , . Thus This implies .
Furthermore, for any ,   satisfying , we have As , the right hand side of the above inequality tends to zero. Thus, is relatively compact. As a consequence of Arzela Ascoli's theorem, is a compact operator. Therefore, is a completely continuous operator.
Define the set .
Next, we show is bounded. Let ; then , . For any , by conditions and , we have which implies So, the set is bounded. Thus, Theorem 2 ensures the impulsive -integrodifference equation (1) has at least one solution.

Corollary 4. Assume the following.There exist nonnegative constants such that for any , , .
Then problem (1) has at least one solution.

Theorem 5. Assume the following.There exist nonnegative bounded functions and such that for .There exist positive constants such that for and ..
Then problem (1) has a unique solution.

Proof. Denote , . For , by and , we have
As by , then . Therefore, is a contractive map. Thus, the conclusion of the Theorem 5 follows by Banach contraction mapping principle.

4. Example

Consider the following nonlinear -integrodifference equation with impulses Obviously, , , + , , , and .

By a simple calculation, we can get

Take , ,  , , and . Then all conditions of Theorem 3 hold. By Theorem 3, nonlinear impulsive -integrodifference (31) has at least one solution.

Conflict of Interests

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper.

Acknowledgment

This work was supported by the Natural Science Foundation for Young Scientists of Shanxi Province, China (2012021002-3).

References

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Copyright © 2014 Lihong Zhang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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