Abstract and Applied Analysis

Volume 2014, Article ID 923436, 9 pages

http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/923436

## Control for a Networked Control Model of Systems with Two Additive Time-Varying Delays

^{1}Research Institute of Automation, Qufu Normal University, Rizhao, Shandong 276826, China^{2}Department of Mathematics, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China^{3}School of Information and Control, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing 210044, China

Received 8 July 2014; Accepted 5 September 2014; Published 19 October 2014

Academic Editor: Valery Y. Glizer

Copyright © 2014 Hanyong Shao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

#### Abstract

This paper is concerned with control for a networked control model of systems with two additive time-varying delays. A new Lyapunov functional is constructed to make full use of the information of the delays, and for the derivative of the Lyapunov functional a novel technique is employed to compute a tighter upper bound, which is dependent on the two time-varying delays instead of the upper bounds of them. Then the convex polyhedron method is proposed to check the upper bound of the derivative of the Lyapunov functional. The resulting stability criteria have fewer matrix variables but less conservatism than some existing ones. The stability criteria are applied to designing a state feedback controller, which guarantees that the closed-loop system is asymptotically stable with a prescribed disturbance attenuation level. Finally examples are given to show the advantages of the stability criteria and the effectiveness of the proposed control method.

#### 1. Introduction

For years systems with time delays have received considerable attention since they are often encountered in various practical systems, such as engineering systems, biology, economics, neural networks, networked control systems, and other areas [1–6]. Since time-delay is frequently the main cause of oscillation, divergence, or instability, considerable effort has been devoted to stability for systems with time delays. According to whether stability criteria include the information of the delay, they are divided into two classes: delay-independent stability criteria and delay-dependent ones. It is well known that delay-independent stability criteria tend to be more conservative especially for small size delays. More attention has been paid to delay-dependent stability. For delay-dependent stability results, we refer readers to [7–14]. Among these papers, [11–13] were of systems with interval time-varying delay. Recently these delay-dependent stability results were extended to neutral systems with interval time-varying delay [14]. It should be pointed out that all the stability results mentioned are based on systems with one single delay in the state.

On the other hand, networked control systems have been receiving great attention these years due to their advantages in low cost, reduced weight and power requirements, simple installation and maintenance, and high reliability. It is well known that the transmission delay and the data packet dropout are two fundamental issues in networked control systems. The transmission delay generally includes the sensor-to-control delay and the control-to-actuator delay. In most of existing papers the sensor-to-control delay and the control-to-actuator delay were combined into one state delay, while the data packet dropouts were modeled as delays and absorbed by the state delay, thus formulating networked control systems as systems with one state delay [15]. Among recently reported results based on this modeling idea, to mention a few, event-triggered communication and control codesign problems were addressed for networked control systems in [16], while exponential state estimation problems were considered for Markovian jumping neural networks in [17]. Note that the sensor-to-control delay and the control-to-actuator delay are different in nature because of the network transmission conditions. The transmission delay and the data packet dropout also have different properties. It is not rational to lump them into one state delay. In this paper, to study networked control systems we adopt the model of systems with multiadditive time-varying delay components. For simplicity, the system with two additive time-varying delay components will be employed to address control problem for networked control systems. Now we write the system as follows: where is the state; is the measurement; is the control; is the disturbance; , , , , , , , and are known real constant matrices; and are two time-varying delays satisfying and is a real-valued initial function on with Stability analysis for this kind of system was conducted in [18], and a delay-dependent stability criterion was obtained. An improved stability criterion was derived in [19] by constructing a Lyapunov functional to employ the information of the marginally delayed state . However, another marginally delayed state was not considered, which caused to be discarded when bounding the derivative of the Lyapunov functional. On the other hand, in the process of the bounding, many free weighting matrices were introduced, making the stability result complicated.

In this paper we first revisit delay-dependent stability for system (1) and (2). We will construct a new Lyapunov functional to employ the information of the marginally delayed state as well as . Motivated by [13], when bounding the derivative of the Lyapunov functional, we use a novel technique to avoid introducing too many matrix variables and compute a tighter upper bound. Considering that the upper bound depends on the two time-varying delays, we propose the so-called convex polyhedron method to check the negative definiteness for it. The resulting delay-dependent stability criteria turn out to be less conservative with fewer matrix variables. Then we take the advantages of the stability results to investigate the state feedback control problem, which is to design a state feedback controller for the system such that the closed-loop system is asymptotically stable with an disturbance attenuation level satisfying for nonzero under zero initial condition. A delay-dependent condition will be presented for the state feedback controller such that the closed-loop system is asymptotically stable with a prescribed disturbance attenuation level. Formulated in LMIs the condition is readily verified, and when it is feasible the controller can be constructed.

*Notation*. Throughout this paper the superscript “” stands for matrix transposition. refers to an identity matrix with appropriate dimensions. For real symmetric matrices and , the notation means that the matrix is positive definite. The follows similarly. The symmetric term in a matrix is denoted by . Matrices, if not explicitly stated, are assumed to have compatible dimensions.

First we go about the stability analysis. To the end, a lemma is given, which will play an important role in deriving our criteria.

Lemma 1 (see [20]). *For any symmetric positive definite matrix , scalar , and vector function such that the integrations concerned are well defined, the following inequality holds:
*

*2. Stability Analysis*

*Consider system (1) with , namely,
Set
Taking as one delay we have the following system:
with , .*

*For this system there are many delay-dependent stability criteria available, but when used to check the stability for (8), they are more conservative [18]. In the following we present a new stability result for system (8) by considering the two delays separately.*

*Theorem 2. The system (8) subject to (4) and (5) is asymptotically stable for given , , , and if there exist matrices , , , and , , such that the following LMIs hold:
where , , , and follow similarly, is defined in (6), and
with given in (10) and
*

*Proof. *Define a Lyapunov functional as follows:
where is defined in (9). Then calculating the time derivative of the Lyapunov functional along the trajectory of (8) yields
Note that
Write and . Then
It follows from (18) that
Using (19) we have
By Lemma 1, (18) and (20) imply
Similarly it can be derived that
Similar to [12] we have
Define
Combining (16), (17), and (21)–(23) and using (13) yield
where
By (12) it is derived that . Therefore system (8) is asymptotically stable. This ends the proof.

*Remark 3. *Theorem 2 provides a new delay-dependent stability criterion for system (8) with two additive time-varying delay components. In a form of LMIs the criterion can be checked easily.

*Remark 4. *Note that the corresponding matrix to the upper bound of is dependent on the two time-varying delays while those in [18, 19] are dependent on the upper bounds of the two time-varying delays. To check the negative definiteness of the function matrix , one has to adopt a new method, which is motivated by [13]. The basic idea is that a function matrix is negative definite over a convex polyhedron only if the matrix is negative definite at the vertices. Note that
From this it can be seen the negative definiteness of over the rectangle: , , is determined by that of at the vertices. One calls this approach to the negative definiteness of a function matrix a convex polyhedron method. Apparently the convex polyhedron method can be extended to more than two time-varying delays.

*Remark 5. *Gao et al. [19] took advantages of to derive a stability criterion, which improved over that in [18], but another marginally delayed state was not employed. In this paper one makes use of it to construct the Lyapunov functional in (15), thus making retained in the estimate of . On the other hand, when estimating integrals in one does not introduce any free weighting matrix as [18, 19], but one uses new techniques reported recently in [12, 13]. Take as an example. One first divides it into two parts as (17) and then calculates them as (23). As for and so forth, one deals with it in such a new way as (18)–(22). Thanks to the new techniques to calculate integrals in and the convex polyhedron method to check the negative definite for the upper bound of , the resulting Theorem 2 is expected to be less conservative with fewer matrix variables, as shown in the following example.

When and are unknown, eliminating and one can obtain a delay-rate-independent stability criterion from Theorem 2 as follows.

*Corollary 6. The system (8) subject to (4) is asymptotically stable for given and if there exist matrices , , , and , , such that the following LMIs hold:
where
with , , and .*

*When , that is, is a constant delay, Theorem 2 reduces to the following corollary, which was reported recently in [13].*

*Corollary 7. The system (8) with and satisfying and is asymptotically stable for given , , and if there exist , , , and , , such that the following LMIs hold:
where
with and .*

*Proof. *Define the Lyapunov functional. Consider the following:
Along a similar line as in the derivation of Theorem 2 the asymptotic stability can be established, and details are thus omitted.

*Remark 8. *Note that when is a constant delay , system (8) can be regarded as a system in the form of (11) with interval time-varying delay: , . The system can serve as a model for networked control systems with both network-induced delay and data dropout phenomenon [15, 16]. In the form of LMIs Corollary 7 can provide a delay-dependent stability criterion for the model. Derived by the convex polyhedron method Corollary 7 is less conservative than those recently reported in [11]; see [13].

*In the following, we take the example in [19] to show that our stability criteria, though having much fewer matrix variables, are less conservative.*

*Example 9. *Consider the system (8) with
For given upper bound of , we intend to find the admissible upper bound of , which guarantees the asymptotic stability of (8).

When is given, the admissible can be seen from Table 2.

As seen in Tables 1 and 2, Theorem 2 is less conservative than those in [15, 16]. It is worth noting that with fewer matrix variables involved, Theorem 2 needs less computational requirements.

When is a constant delay , the system can be looked upon as those with interval time-varying delay. As indicated in Remark 8, the stability result in Corollary 7 as well as that in [11] can be turned to for computing the admissible upper bound of , which are shown in Table 3.

Even as a delay-dependent criterion for systems with interval time-varying delay, Corollary 7 has advantages over [11] in the sense that the computed admissible upper bound of the time-varying delay is larger.

*3. State Feedback Control*

*3. State Feedback Control*

*Without a free weighting matrix introduced, Theorem 2 only involves the matrices in the Lyapunov functional employed. It can be expected as a useful tool for the state feedback control problem formulated above. We first present an performance analysis result in the following.*

*Theorem 10. System (1) and (2) with and delays subject to (4) and (5) is asymptotically stable with an disturbance attenuation level for given , , , and , if there exist matrices , , , and , such that the following LMIs hold:
where , , , and follow similarly and
with , , , and given in Theorem 2.*

*Proof. *Comparing with in (13), we can conclude that (34) implies (12). Therefore system (1) and (2) with is asymptotically stable. Now using the same Lyapunov functional as in (15) and calculating similar to the derivation of Theorem 2 along the solution of system (1) and (2) with , we have
where
with and defined in the proof of Theorem 2 and with in (24). On the one hand, using the convex polyhedron method we can prove that by (34). On the other hand, under the zero condition we have and . Integrating both sides of (36) leads to for all nonzero . This ends the proof.

*Now we are in a position to resolve the state feedback control problem aforementioned.*

*Theorem 11. Consider system (1) and (2) with delays subject to (4) and (5). Given , , , and , there exists a state feedback controller ensuring that the closed-loop system is asymptotically stable with an disturbance attenuation level , if there exist matrices , , , and , , such that the following LMIs hold:
where
with
and , , , , , and are given in Theorem 10. Moreover, if the foregoing condition holds, a desired controller gain matrix is given by
*

*Proof. *Apply the controller to system (1) and (2) and then the closed-loop system is formulated as follows:
By Theorem 10 this system is asymptotically stable with an disturbance attenuation level , if there exist matrices , , , and , , such that
where , and are the same as those in Theorem 10 andwith and defined in Theorem 10 and .

Write , , , , , and . Performing a congruence transformation to (43) by yields
where
By Schur complements we have
Note that (47) is not linear in , , , and due to . However, noting that , we have . Therefore, . It follows immediately that , which means that (38) implies (47). This completes the proof.

*Due to the fact that , condition (38) is more conservative than (47). However, based on (38) one can obtain an LMI approach to the state feedback control problem for systems with two additive time-varying delays. The existence of the state feedback controller is guaranteed by the feasibility of LMIs (38). When LMIs (38) are solvable, the controller can be constructed according to (41). Based on (47), one can obtain a less conservative controller at the cost of more complexity by employing CCL method [21].*

*To illustrate the effectiveness of this method we provide an example.*

*Example 12. *Consider system (1) and (2) with parameters given as follows:
Given , , , , and we can find that LMIs in (38) are feasible with
By Theorem 11, there exists a state feedback controller
such that the closed-loop system is asymptotically stable for , with an disturbance attenuation level .

*4. Conclusion*

*4. Conclusion**This paper is concerned with control for a networked control model of systems with two additive time-varying delays. For one thing a new delay-dependent stability criterion was derived, which improves over existing ones in that it has less conservatism with fewer matrix variables. A delay-rate-independent criterion was also obtained as a byproduct. When one of the delays is constant, a new stability criterion was given for systems with interval time-varying delay. Then examples were provided to illustrate the reduced conservatism of the criteria. Finally the state feedback control problem was solved via an LMI approach, which was demonstrated to be effective using another example.*

*Conflict of Interests*

*Conflict of Interests**The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper.*

*Acknowledgments*

*Acknowledgments**This work was partially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grants 61374090, 61174085, and 61104007, the Program for Scientific Research Innovation Team in Colleges and Universities of Shandong Province, and the Taishan Scholarship Project of Shandong Province, China.*

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