## Advanced Stochastic Control Systems with Engineering Applications

View this Special IssueResearch Article | Open Access

# Decentralized Control for Uncertain Interconnected Systems of Neutral Type via Dynamic Output Feedback

**Academic Editor:**Ming Liu

#### Abstract

The design of the dynamic output feedback control for uncertain interconnected systems of neutral type is investigated. In the framework of Lyapunov stability theory, a mathematical technique dealing with the nonlinearity on certain matrix variables is developed to obtain the solvability conditions for the anticipated controller. Based on the corresponding LMIs, the anticipated gains for dynamic output feedback can be achieved by solving some algebraic equations. Also, the norm of the transfer function from the disturbance input to the controlled output is less than the given index. A numerical example and the simulation results are given to show the effectiveness of the proposed method.

#### 1. Introduction

With the development of engineering systems, nowadays the systems become more and more complex and large. Therefore, there has been a growing interest in investigating the stability and stabilization problems for the large-scale interconnected systems [1â€“12]. In [5], Schuler et al. address a design of structured controllers for networks of interconnected multivariable discrete-time subsystems, in which a so-called degree of decentralization is introduced to characterize the sparsity level of the controller. In [6], Chen et al. consider the stabilization and disturbance attenuation problem for uncertain interconnected networked systems with both quantised output signal and quantised control inputs signal. A local-output dependent strategy is proposed to update the parameters of quantisers and achieve the disturbance attenuation level. In [7], Yan et al. consider the global decentralized stabilization of a class of interconnected systems with known and uncertain interconnections. Based on the Razumikhin-Lyapunov approach, they design a composite sliding surface and analyze the stability of the associated sliding motion, which is governed by a time delayed interconnected system. Not invoking the Lyapunov-Krasovskii functional approach and the Razumikhin Theorem approach, Ye provides a new method to globally stabilize a class of nonlinear large-scale systems with constant time-delay in [8], in which the Nussbaum gain is employed to tackle the unknown high-frequency-gain sign in the considered systems. Hua et al. investigate the model reference adaptive control problem and the exponential stabilization problem for a class of large-scale systems with time-varying delays in [9, 10], respectively. Different from the constraint on the derivatives of time-varying delays in [9, 10], Wu in [11] relaxes the constraint, that is, the derivatives of time-varying delays does not have to be less than one. It is worth pointing out that the nonlinear interconnections are subject to the matched condition in [9, 10] and the time-varying delays only appear in the interconnection in [11].

On the other hand, time delay frequently occurs in many engineering systems, such as the state, input, or related variable of dynamic systems [13, 14]. In particular, when it arises in the state derivative, the considered systems are called as neutral systems [15]. Neutral system is the general form of delay system and contains the same highest order derivatives for the state vector , at both time and past time(s) . Due to the extensive applications of the neutral systems, in recent years, many efforts have been made for the stability analysis and control problem for neutral systems [16â€“22]. In [16], Xiong et al. construct a new class of stochastic Lyapunov-Krasovskii functionals to investigate the stability of neutral Markovian jump systems in the case of partly known transition probabilities. In [17], the Lyapunov-Krasovskii functional containing novel triple integral terms is developed to study the robust stabilization for a class of uncertain neutral system with discrete and distributed time delays. Based on the state feedback controller, an improved robust stability and stabilization criteria depending on the allowable maximum delay are derived. In [18], Kwon et al. propose a few delay-dependent stability criteria for uncertain neutral systems with time-varying delays, in which the augmented Lyapunov-Krasovskii functional is constructed and the reciprocal convex optimization approach is introduced. In [19], the delay-dependent exponential stability and stabilisation problems are investigated for a class of special neutral systems with actuator failures. A class of switching laws incorporating the average dwell time method is proposed to robustly stabilise the closed-loop system.

In practice, it is not always possible to have full access to the state variables and only the partial information through a measured output is available [23]. Therefore, it is more realistic in control engineering to design the output feedback control for the considered systems and there is a growing interest in it [24â€“29]. However, to the authors' best knowledge, there is little literature on designing dynamic output feedback control for interconnected systems of neutral type. This motivates the present study.

In this paper, the control problem for uncertain interconnected systems of neutral type is investigated via decentralized dynamic output feedback. Based on the Lyapunov stability theory, we develop a new technique to deal with the nonlinearity problem of certain matrix variables appearing in the solvable conditions of dynamic output feedback control. Furthermore, the parameterized characterization of the anticipated controller is achieved, which can be obtained by solving the corresponding LMIs and computing the corresponding algebraic equations. Also, it is guaranteed that the norm of the transfer function from the disturbance input to the controlled output is less than the given index. Finally, the effectiveness of the proposed method is elucidated by a numerical example and the simulation results.

#### 2. Problem Formulation

Consider the following uncertain neutral interconnected systems composed of subsystems: where ,, and are the state, the controlled output, and the disturbance input of the th subsystem, respectively. ,,,,,, and are known constant matrices of appropriate dimensions. is the initial condition. ,, and are the time-varying delays. Assume that there exist constants ,,,,,, and satisfying

Time-varying parametric uncertainties , and are assumed to satisfy where matrices ,,, and are constant matrices of appropriate dimensions, and is the unknown matrix function satisfying , for all.

*Assumption 1 (see [30]). *The matrix and .

As a general approach of dealing with the retarded argument in the state derivatives, it is assumed often that either there is no unstable neutral root chain or they can first use derivative feedback to assign the unstable neutral root chain to the left-hand side of the complex plane. Also, since , it follows form that that the solution of (1) exists and is unique.

Lemma 2 (see [31]). *Given any constant and matrices , , and with compatible dimensions such that then
**
for all ,.*

#### 3. Main Result

##### 3.1. Robust Performance Analysis

Theorem 3. *For given , consider system (1) with (2) and (3). Under the condition of Assumption 1, system (1) is robustly asymptotically stable and satisfies , if there exist matrices , and such that the following LMI holds:
** where *

*Proof. *Construct the following Lyapunov-Krasovskii functional candidate of the form

The time derivative of along the trajectory of system (1) satisfies

In view of (3), applying Lemma 2, we obtain the following inequality:
where

It follows from (8) and (9) that
where

By the Schur Complement formula, it is easy to see that LMI (5) implies that . Then we can obtain that for all when . Therefore, under the condition of Assumption 1, system (1) is asymptotically stable.

Next, consider the performance of system (1) under the zero initial condition. To this end, we introduce the following index:

In view of the zero initial condition, it is easy to obtain that
where

It is obvious that implies that , that is, . By the Schur Complement formula, the inequality is equivalent to LMI (5). This completes the proof.

##### 3.2. Output Feedback Synthesis

Consider the following uncertain neutral interconnected systems composed of subsystems: where and are the control input and the measurement output. , , , and are known constant matrices of appropriate dimensions. is the unknown matrix satisfying , where is the known constant matrix with appropriate dimensions. The other signals are the same with system (1).

Consider the following output feedback controller for system (16): where is the controller state, and , , and are the gains to be designed.

Then the closed-loop system composed of system (16) with the controller (17) can be written as where

The following theorem presents the solving method of the dynamic output feedback controller gains for uncertain neutral interconnected systems (16).

Theorem 4. *For given , consider system (16) with (2) and (3). Under the condition of Assumption 1, if there exist matrices ,,,,, and invertible matrices , matrices ,,, such that and the following LMI holds,
**
then there exists a dynamic output feedback controller such that the closed-loop system (18) is asymptotically stable and satisfies with , , , where*

Applying Theorem 3 to the closed-loop system (18), then system (18) is robustly asymptotically stable and satisfies under the condition of Assumption 1, if there exist matrices ,,,, and such that the LMI (5) holds, where ,,,, , , , , , and are substituted with , , , , , , , , , and , respectively.

Firstly, decompose matrix and its inverse as where are positive definite matrices, and and are invertible matrices. According to , we have

Define ,, then it follows that

Next, pre- and postmultiply the substitute of LMI (5) by the matrix and its transpose, respectively. By the Schur Complement formula, the following LMI can be obtained:where

By Lemma 2, we have

Pre- and postmultiplying the inequality (26) by the matrix and its transpose, respectively, and utilizing (28), and denoting one can obtain Theorem 4 immediately. This completes the proof.

*Algorithm 5. *Given any solution of the LMI (20) in Theorem 4, a corresponding controller of the form (17) will be constructed as follows.(i)Utilizing the two positive definite solutions , and the invertible matrix ; compute the invertible satisfying (23).(ii)Utilizing the matrices and obtained above; compute the gains , , and according to (30).

#### 4. Illustrative Example

Consider system (16) composed of a three-order subsystem and a two-order subsystem with the following parameters:

Using the above parameters and applying Matlab Software to solving LMI (20), we can obtain the following results:

Using the obtained solutions , , , , , and to solve (23), we have

Using the above solutions , , , and to compute , , , ,