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Advances in Agriculture
Volume 2014, Article ID 104849, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/104849
Research Article

Microscopic Evaluation of Leaves of Memecylon umbellatum Burm

1Department of Pharmacognosy, Bharati Vidyapeeth College of Pharmacy, Chitranagari, Kolhapur 416013, India
2Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Bharati Vidyapeeth College of Pharmacy, Kolhapur 416013, India
3Department of Pharmaceutics, Bharati Vidyapeeth College of Pharmacy, Kolhapur 416013, India

Received 24 May 2014; Accepted 9 September 2014; Published 7 October 2014

Academic Editor: Ayman Suleiman

Copyright © 2014 Suresh G. Killedar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. Aim of present work is to perform the microscopic evaluation and physicochemical analysis and to explore the morphology parameters of Memecylon umbellatum Burm leaves. Methods. Fresh, dried and desiccated powdered leaf samples were studied for their morphology, microscopy, organoleptic characters, and an assortment of other WHO recommended methods for standardisation. Results. The microscopy revealed the dorsiventral nature of the leaf. Midrib showed presence of nonlignified phloem, lignified xylem with well-defined xylem fibers, vessels, and parenchyma. Presence of Phloecentric vascular bundles surrounded by endodermis and crystal sheath. Well-defined patches of collenchyma were observed above and below the vascular bundles in the midrib area. Trichomes are mostly absent and stomata (anomocytic) were observed on both epidermal surfaces. Conclusions. It can be concluded that the microscopic analysis and pharmacognostic parameters can serve as tool for developing standards for proper authentication, quality, and purity of Memecylon umbellatum Burm leaves.