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Advances in Agriculture
Volume 2014, Article ID 723064, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/723064
Review Article

Soil Phosphorus Storage Capacity for Environmental Risk Assessment

Soil and Water Science Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, 2181 McCarty Hall, P.O. Box 110290, Gainesville, FL 32611-0290, USA

Received 23 March 2014; Revised 17 July 2014; Accepted 18 July 2014; Published 17 August 2014

Academic Editor: Bernd Lennartz

Copyright © 2014 Vimala D. Nair and Willie G. Harris. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Reliable techniques must be developed to predict phosphorus (P) storage and release from soils of uplands, ditches, streams, and wetlands in order to better understand the natural, anthropogenic, and legacy sources of P and their impact on water quality at a field/plot as well as larger scales. A concept called the “safe” soil phosphorus storage capacity (SPSC) that is based on a threshold phosphorus saturation ratio (PSR) has been developed; the PSR is the molar ratio of P to Fe and Al, and SPSC is a PSR-based calculation of the remaining soil P storage capacity that captures risks arising from previous loading as well as inherently low P sorption capacity of a soil. Zero SPSC amounts to a threshold value below which P runoff or leaching risk increases precipitously. In addition to the use of the PSR/SPSC concept for P risk assessment and management, and its ability to predict isotherm parameters such as the Langmuir strength of bonding, , and the equilibrium P concentration, EPC0, this simple, cost-effective, and quantitative approach has the potential to be used as an agronomic tool for more precise application of P for plant uptake.